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"Every son of Adam commits sin, and the best of those who commit sin are those who repent."

‘Ibad-ur Rahman – Introduction | Part 1

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

The last few ayat in surah Al-Furqan describe 9 beautiful characteristics of a special group of faithful and believing slaves of Allah . What makes them special is that Allah  describes them as ‘Ibad-ur Rahman. Let’s understand first what this phrase means.

Who or What is ‘Ibad-ur Rahman?
In Arabic, a slave of Allah  is called ‘abd and it has 2 plural words: ‘abeed or ‘ibad. ‘Abeed is used for all slaves of Allah  – both believers and disbelievers. In the verse 51 Surahh Al-Anfal 8, Allah  says:


Dhalika bima qaddamat aydeekum wa anna Allaha laysa bithallamin lil’abeed
“And verily, Allah is not unjust to His slaves [‘abeed]”
{Surah Al Anfal 8: Verse 51}

Ibn Kathir rahimahullah wrote in his tafsir regarding this ayat:
“Certainly, Allah  does not wrong any of His creatures, for He  is the Just, who never puts anything in an inappropriate place.”
[Ibn Kathir]

Abeed is used to refer to the slaves of Allah  who are sinful, make mistakes, yet refuse to repent. They refuse to rectify themselves. They have no desire in becoming better slaves of Allah . But the word ‘ibad is only used for the slaves of Allah  who do sin, who do make mistakes, but they have a strong desire to always rectify themselves and they always repent to Allah  for their errors. They continuously strive to be a better person than yesterday. If they are already pious, they will struggle to do, even more, to become even better – and all of these are done for the sake of Allah  alone.

It was narrated from Anas   that Rasoolallah   said:
“Every son of Adam commits sin, and the best of those who commit sin are those who repent.”
[Sunan Ibn Majah, Grade: Hasan]

So immediately from the get-go, Allah  is already letting us know that the people mentioned in the last few ayat of Surah Al-Furqan are special. On top of that, not only Allah  calls them ‘ibad, but He  also calls them ‘Ibad-ur Rahman. Allah  has many Beautiful Names, He  could choose to call them ‘Ibadullah or ‘Ibad-ul Khaliq, but He  chooses to describe them as ‘Ibad-ur Rahman.

Why?
When Allah ’s love, mercy, and care are extreme and immediate, He  uses Ar-Rahman. Therefore ‘Ibad-ur Rahman are special slaves of Allah  who will get His immediate and special Mercy!
Subhan Allah – this fact alone already makes us want to become one of the ‘Ibad-ur Rahman!

So what else will the ‘Ibad-ur Rahman get? To this question, I ask you to be patient and follow this series right until the end, where we will discuss the amazing rewards that will be granted to these special slaves of Ar-Rahman. With that goal in mind, in the next several posts, we will be discussing in detail nine beautiful characteristics of ‘Ibad-ur Rahman, in sha Allah!

Note: Some might have understood and have translated that there are between eight to thirteen characteristics of ‘Ibadur-Rahman – these opinions do not contradict one another.

I want to learn! How do I participate?
Your goals for this study are simple:

  1. As we study the ‘Ibad-ur Rahman characteristics, ponder and think: Which of these traits do I currently have? And which traits can I work further on, to qualify for? Everyone has bad traits that they want to get rid of, and every believer has aspirations to become better for the sake of Allah . So let’s do our best to achieve these beautiful characteristics.
  2. This is your personal journey – do not tell anyone that you have this good trait or that bad trait. Keep it between you and Allah . And make du’a that Allah  makes this easy for everyone.
  3. Memorize these beautiful ayat.
  4. Share the khayr – spread what you have learned to your loved ones!

I pray Allah  make us one of the ‘Ibad-ur Rahman by the end of our lessons, Allahumma ameen!

Authored by Aida Misr
Edited by Tasneem Moolla

"Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah." [Bukhari 3461]

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