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One of the indicators of love is fearing the loss of that which your heart yearns for

‘Ibad-ur Rahman – Seeking Refuge from Jahannam | Part 4

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Wallatheena yaqooloona rabbanaisrif AAanna AAathaba jahannama inna AAathabahakana gharama
And those who say, ‘Our Lord, avert from us the punishment of Hell. Indeed, its punishment is ever adhering [65]
Innaha saat mustaqarran wamuqama
Indeed, it is evil as a settlement and residence.’ [66]
{Surah Al-Furqan 25: Verses 65-66}

Audio – Recitor (Maher al-Muaiqly) (Fast)

Audio – Recitor (Hani Ar Rafai) (Slow)

The ayah above describes the 4th characteristic of ‘Ibad-ur Rahman. They are those who constantly make du’a to Allah  asking for refuge from jahannam. They firmly believe and understand that the torments and penalties of jahannam are so monstrous, so heavy that they just can’t bear the thought of it. They know it is a terrible and horrifying place to be whether for a little while or a long time. They understand that the torment of jahannam is ever-present, and never ending. Al-Hasan Al-Basri rahimahu said concerning the ayah,

“Everything that strikes the son of Adam , then disappears, does not constitute an inseparable, permanent punishment. The inseparable, permanent punishment is that which lasts as long as heaven and Earth.”

SubhanAllah! Yet there are a few Muslims who say, “Sure I do some bad stuff and will go to Hell because of my sins. But it’s only temporary because I’m a Muslim. I’ll go to jannah eventually anyway. So what’s the big deal!” This was the exact mentality of Bani Israel in the past as stated in the Qur’an,

And they say, ‘Never will the Fire touch us, except for a few days.’ Say, ‘Have you taken a covenant with Allah? For Allah will never break His covenant. Or do you say about Allah that which you do not know?’
{Surah Al-Baqarah 2: Verse 80}

This is clearly not a characteristic of ‘Ibad-ur Rahman. The ‘Ibad-ur Rahman fear being thrown into jahannam either for a long time or even a short time – not for a minute, not even for a second! Is doing good deeds out of fear of jahannam considered as being insincere?

There are Muslims who think that acts of ‘ibadah that are done out of fear of jahannam and hope for jannah lack sincerity to Allah . They think that all acts of worship must only be done out of love for Allah  and nothing else.

This belief is incorrect and contrary to the teachings of Islam. There are several ayat showing that the worship of the Prophets, scholars and pious people is based on both fear and hope, and it is not devoid of love of Allah  at all. Allah  says,

“Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us.”
{Surah Al-Anbiya’ 21: Verse 90}

And in another ayah, Allah  says:

Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire. Our Lord, indeed whoever You admit to the Fire – You have disgraced him, and for the wrongdoers there are no helpers.”
{Surah Ali Imran 3: Verses 191-192}

Hoping for jannah and fearing jahannam are the results of having the correct understanding of tawhid when one truly understands that it is Allah who promises jannah for those who are obedient, and jahannam for those who are not.

Do you know what is the greatest punishment of the inhabitants of jahannam? They are veiled, forever, from gazing upon Allah  as Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahu wrote in his book Madaarij as-Saalikeen,

“…one of the greatest joys of Jannah is that of gazing upon the Countenance of Allah  and hearing His Words, and the delight of being close to Him and attaining His pleasure. There is no comparison between what it contains of delightful food, drink, clothing and images and this sublime joy. The least of His good pleasure is greater than jannah and all that it contains of such things.”

Allah  says,

Allah promises the believers, men and women, gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein forever, and fine homes in the Gardens of Eden. But approval from Allah is even greater. That is the supreme achievement.
{Surah At-Tawbah 9: Verse 72}

For those who enter the jahannam,  the pain of being veiled from Allah , being disgraced by Him, feeling His anger and wrath, and being far away from Him will be greater than the pain caused by the flames burning their bodies and souls.

Based on these evidences, we learn that ‘Ibad-ur Rahman absolutely fear jahannam and seek refuge with Allah  from His anger and punishment. We also learn that our acts of ‘ibadah should be done out of fear of Allah’s  punishment and hope for His mercy both of which are themselves indicators that we love Allah .

Selected ad’iyah  (supplications) to seek refuge from jahannam
The ‘Ibad-ur Rahman always make du’a to Allah  for protection from jahannam. If we want to be one of them, we need to make such supplications constantly in our everyday lives. There are many beautiful supplications in the Qur’an and the sunnah. The following are three selected ad’iyah that are short and easy to memorize, in sha’ Allah.

► DUA 1 – “And those who say, ‘Our Lord, avert from us the suffering of Hell, for its suffering is continuous. It is indeed a miserable residence and destination.'”
{Surah Al-Furqan 25: Verses 65-66 }

► DUA 2 – “And among them is he who says, ‘Our Lord, give us goodness in this world, and goodness in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire.'”
{Surah Al-Baqarah 2: Verse 201}
A golden advice from my teacher is for us to keep this du’a close to our hearts, for it is a supplication that covers everything that we need including a good worldly life, and good in the Hereafter as well as protection from jahannam. It is a short yet comprehensive du’a so recite it often, and recite it from the depths of our hearts.

► DUA 3 – It was narrated from Abu Hurairah  that the Messenger  of Allah  used to say in his supplication:
“O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the torment of Hell, and I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave, and I seek refuge in You from the tribulation of the Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal, and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and death.”
[Sunan An-Nasa’i]

Alhamdulillah, we have covered the fourth characteristic of ‘Ibad-ur Rahman. We will continue with the subsequent characteristics in the next posts, in sha’ Allah.

‘Ibad-ur Rahman Characteristics Recap

4th Characteristic
They are those who constantly make du’a to Allah  asking for refuge from jahannam.
Their acts of ‘ibadah were out of fear of Allah’s  punishment and hope for His mercy both of which were themselves indicators that they loved Allah

References:
1. Tafsir Ibn Kathir
2. Tafsir Surah Al-Furqan by Dr Abdullah Yasin
3. Who Gets Allah’s Mercy by Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan

Authored by Aida Misr
Edited by Rima Mazlan

Prophet Muhammad "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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