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Memorize Rabbana Dua 30 – {QUR’AN 23:109}

Rabbana Dua 30

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Transliteration
Rabbana amanna faghfirlana warhamna waanta khayrurrahimeen

Translation
‘Our Lord, we have believed, so forgive us and have mercy upon us, and You are the best of the merciful.’

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation

Surah Mominoon is a Makki surah that was revealed after Surah Anbiya. The famous opening passage of this surah provides us with a self-assessment checklist. This is a wakeup call for those of us that are complacent and over-confident about our faith and, a guideline for those desperately striving towards a higher station with their Creator. In this Surah Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) redefines for us the concept of success and those who are successful.

“Successful indeed are the believers.”
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verse 1}

Such a simple, direct statement and yet so profound. A solace for the believers, many of whom are poor and persecuted in Mecca, while their enemies bask in wealth and wield tremendous influence in society. Material wealth and social clout are generally accepted as the yardsticks of prosperity and the pleasure of Allah, but that myth is shattered by this ayaat.

The oppressive, disbelieving elite of society are deluded by their worldly success when everything they have and they themselves are simply fuel for the fire of Hell. The discourse shifts to the stories of the Prophets, the miraculous signs of Allah and the proofs of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ’s prophethood, and then returns towards the end to those that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) endearingly calls ‘ibadee’ or ‘my slaves’.

From Ayaat 57 the description of the successful believers resumes.  Their character is ablaze with love for Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and they strive diligently to serve the deen, not with any pride but rather with the utmost humility, and a deep mistrust in their own ability to attain Paradise. The word ‘wajil’ that is used to describe the state of their hearts refers to fear that makes your hair stand on edge. They are not racing towards transient worldly ambitions, rather their eyes are set on the gates of Jannah even though they consider themselves completely unworthy of it. Those that join this race are described by Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) as the ‘sabiqoon’ they outstrip others and actually win.

Indeed, they who are apprehensive from fear of their Lord
And they who believe in the signs of their Lord
And they who do not associate anything with their Lord
And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord –
It is those who hasten to good deeds, and they outstrip [others] therein.
And We charge no soul except [with that within] its capacity, and with Us is a record which speaks with truth; and they will not be wronged.
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verses 57 – 62}

On the other hand, is a group of people caught in the rat race of this dunya, completely oblivious of their upcoming demise and their meeting with Allah. Books don’t speak but on the Day of Judgment, the book of records will declare the list of their crimes:

  • In the dunya they were “covered with confusion” and in a state of deep unconsciousness regarding the revelation (the Quran). Their preoccupation with work and entertainment left them with no time for Allah and His Word.
  • They were averse to the truth and fled from religious discussion or gatherings and they did not reflect upon the Quran
  • They distrusted the Messenger ﷺ, and accused him, astaghfirullah, of having some ulterior motive for inviting them to the straight path!
  • They are ‘mustakbireen’-arrogant and power-hungry
  • They are ‘Saamiran’: they would indulge in slanderous, inappropriate conversation especially about the Messenger ﷺ, deep into the night.
  • They did not believe in the Hereafter
  • The trials of this dunya, that would serve as wakeup call for most, had no effect on them. Even calamities did not make them fall in humble supplication.
  • They are ungrateful, not appreciating the blessings of “hearing and vision and hearts” that Allah had blessed them with. They never used these faculties to reflect upon the magnificence of His creation.
  • They perpetually and mercilessly mocked the believers’

They remain entrenched in this heedless lifestyle until they are seized by the angel of death and then they cry out in anguish. The imagery is of a prey that feels the teeth of its predator sink into its flesh and realizes that there is no escape. It is too late.

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) comforts His Messenger:
“Repel, by [means of] what is best, [their] evil. We are most knowing of what they describe.”
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verse 96}

His Prophet ﷺ must never react in a like manner to their base and inappropriate accusations. They will beg to be returned to the dunya, but that is an option not available to anyone. The time for the weighing of deeds has arrived and there is no return. All ties of kinship and friendship have now disappeared and they must carry the burden of their deeds alone.

And those whose scales are heavy [with good deeds] – it is they who are the successful.
But those whose scales are light – those are the ones who have lost their souls, [being] in Hell, abiding eternally.
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verses 102 – 103}

Their faces will be blistered and deformed, lips drawn away from each other in anguish. They used to run their mouth all night denying and mocking the verses and on the Day of Judgment those same evil lips are no longer allowed to close. Instead of remaining silent and listening to the verses, they joked about them and they sneered about the believers. Now they address Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) as ‘Our Lord’ and beg to be returned to the world so that they can do good:

Our Lord, remove us from it, and if we were to return [to evil], we would indeed be wrongdoers.”
He will say, “Remain despised therein and do not speak to Me.
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verses 107 -108}

It is too late to make excuses. They will be shooed away like dogs, or pigs, or any animals you don’t want near you. That is how Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will deal with these people on the Day of Judgment.

Then there are the successful believers who said ‘Rabbana’ in this world with love, gratitude, and obedience:

Indeed, there was a party of My servants who said, ‘Our Lord, we have believed, so forgive us and have mercy upon us, and You are the best of the merciful.’ (109)
They turned towards there Lord, when it really mattered- in this dunya and Allah forgave them in this dunya and inshallah He will forgive them in the Hereafter. May Allah join us in their company.

Indeed, I have rewarded them this Day for their patient endurance – that they are the attainers [of success].”
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verse 111}

They were mocked but they remained firm and defiant in the face of all the opposition and derision. It is their turn to receive the reward for their patience. They are ‘faizoon’, those who survived the trial and succeeded.

In these ayaat of Surah Mominoon, the contestants have been clearly described, the outcome has been elaborated upon and now we are told the finish line (our death) is fast approaching: we literally have what will feel like “a day, or part of a day”. There is no option to sit out this race. This is the race of our existence. But are we of those who are striving towards success and the pleasure of Allah or are we of those that are blindly lusting after the fleeting desires of this dunya?

Then the Prophet ﷺ’s echos the supplication of the believers:

And say (O Muhammad ﷺ): “My Lord! Forgive and have mercy, for You are the Best of those who show mercy!”
{Surah Mominoon 23: Verse 118}

Reflection
🖊 
These ayaat should instill in us a sense of urgency so that we abandon the useless pursuits of this world and become preoccupied with the Hereafter. Feel the pain and regret of those that will lose everything on the Day of Judgment. They will cry out. Hear their cries, screeching for mercy, begging to be returned and let them echo in your heart so that it drives you to action right now. Let the shadow of their despair, of complete hopelessness fall upon you so that it shreds your sense of calm complacency and your heart becomes restless to serve the deen.
🖊We wallow in self-pity here in this world where there is not time to waste. ‘I am so tired. The weekend was exhausting. No one at home helps me. My boss is so mean…”, the list is endless. Well before the trumpet is blown we will feel the dirt fall with a soft thud upon the fabric of our kaffan and the damp, darkness will envelop us and there will be no place to run. You will not be able to catch the next salaat in Jamaat, you will not be able to help the refugee and the needy, you will not be able to serve your parents, or recite or memorize another ayaat of Quran. The angels who write your deeds packed up and left when you took your last breath. It is just your regrets and the confinement of the grave.
🖊 Life should feel like a race. Your adrenalin should be pumping as you search for one opportunity to do good after the other. It is the first door that leads to the next but we are lazy and linger behind even the very first one; procrastinating, netflexing away our existence, switching channels so we can retain a sense of zombie-like coma to ‘relax’ and forget the reason why we were sent to this earth. The heavens and the Earth were not created in vain but we act as if they were; taking all of Allah’s blessings for granted, especially the blessings of time, health and wealth. The break for the believer is his Salaat, the relaxation is the recitation of the Qur’an and the fuel that powers his/her existence is the Dhikr of Allah.
🖊‘But I will get burnt out,” is the complain of many activists. How regrettable that Allah gave us the ability to serve His Deen and we whine about it: “How come I have to do all the work and someone else gets the credit? Why must I always do the set up? It’s not like I don’t have work at home?” Is this not insulting the One who gave you the opportunity to earn your place in Jannah?
🖊 Islamophobia has been and will remain a reality for believers of all times. We have no choice but to accept this reality and remain patient in the face of opposition, praying, supplicating, and hoping for forgiveness and reward.
🖊Life is not a spectator sport. Every single one of us is a full participant and every single one of us should try our utmost to selfishly make sure we do not lag behind. So as a believer my salaat, my sadaqah, my zikr, and my relationship with Allah and His Creation should all be in a constant state of improvement. I am struggling to compete not just with those striving towards righteousness around me, rather I am also constantly trying to purify my intentions and become more productive today than I was yesterday. If the quality and quantity of my deeds is equal to, or even less than what I performed yesterday, I have already lost.

A small productive addition to our daily routines could be to memorize these Rabbana Duas so that we can call on Allah subhanawatala while we still have time before the Hour of our Reckoning begins.

References
www.Quran.com
www.farhathashmi.com
www.bayyinah.tv

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.
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Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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