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"Fear not. Indeed, I am with you both; I hear and I see. [20:46]

Memorize Rabbana Dua 29 – {QUR’AN 20:45}


Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Rabbana innananakhafu an yafruta AAalayna aw an yatgha

“Our Lord, indeed we are afraid that he will hasten [punishment] against us or that he will transgress.”

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Surah Taha is an early Makkan Surah that was revealed after Surah Maryam. It was the words of Surah Taha that penetrated the heart of Umar radiallahu anhu and he accepted Islam. According to some scholars, he became Muslim in the 3rd year of Prophet-hood while others believe he entered the fold of Islam in the 5th year of Prophet-hood.
The Surah begins by assuring Prophet Muhammad ﷺ that the Qur’an was not revealed to distress him, rather it was sent down as a reminder for those who fear Allah. To further comfort the Prophet ﷺ significant portions of the life of Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) are related in this Surah. We are granted an audience to the private conversation between Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the public confrontation between Musa and Firawn. We witness his endurance with a nation that is struggling with its enslaved past even though Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) has honored them to be His chosen people. The Surah ends with a glimpse of the horrors of the Day of Judgement and a flashback to the story that began all of our stories: Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him), Hawa and Iblees in Jannah.

The words in verse 45 of Surah Taha express the genuine and very human fear of both Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Haroon 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him). They have been given the daunting task of taking the message of Tawheed to Firawn who considers himself God and to demand from him the release of the Bani Israel. They were not been equipped with an army of well-armed men rather they set forth with two miracles and the promise of the help of Allah:

[Allah] said, “Fear not. Indeed, I am with you both; I hear and I see.
{Surah Taha 20: Verse 46}

They have also been instructed to not slacken in their Dhikr and Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) has been reminded of all the times in his life when Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) favored him:
💮 By inspiring his mother to put him in the chest and place it in the river so he was not killed with the other baby boys.
💮 He was picked up by the one who was the enemy of Allah and the enemy of Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him). Even in the palace of his enemy he was safe and under Allah’s protection.
💮 His sister was instrumental in having him returned to his mother because he would not feed from any other woman.
💮 Allah forgave him and saved him when he accidentally killed the Coptic and he fled to Madyan where he lived in security for a few years.
💮 He was made to come to Mount Tur at the right time for the meeting with Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He).

Allah had selected Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) for His work:
And I produced you for Myself.
{Surah Taha 20: Verse 41}

Because he was selected for this honorable task, he also had to endure immense hardships in his life. He knew even as a young man that he belonged to the Bani Israel and their suffering pained him. When he stood up to defend one of his own he accidentally killed a man. He had to flee in terror with just the clothes on his back and was reduced to doing the work of a shepherd. Having spent his life in the palace of Firawn this must have been very difficult for him. Yet at every juncture we find him praying and supplicating and turning to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). His words convey his grief but always carry an unshakeable trust that Allah will protect him, guide him, and provide for him.

The final phase of his training is completed on Mount Tur. The Rabbana Dua contained in verse 45 was either made by Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) on behalf of both of them on Mount Tur, or it was made at a later time when Haroon 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) had also received prophet-hood and they were ready to set out for their mission. Two men belonging to the enslaved tribe of Bani Israel are about to talk to the most evil tyrant of all times and they are given a remarkable instruction: they have to speak to him gently!

And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [Allah].
{Surah Taha 20: Verse 44}

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) expects them to address him without losing their composure and to speak to him without any harshness. They must respond with gentle, soft speech even if he is antagonistic and inflammatory. SubhanAllah we find Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) fulfilling this requirement of his Lord in an exemplary manner.

But they are afraid. Their apprehension is not a reflection of a lack of faith, but rather a human response to the apparently impossible task. They are afraid that he will punish them, either by torturing them without even giving them an opportunity to speak, or brutalizing them severely after giving them an audience. Their fears are well founded because Firawn has a reputation of mercilessly punishing those that oppose him. They also dread that his arrogance and transgression will increase against Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), as well as the subjugated Bani Israel. Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) reassures them with the words:

[Allah] said, “Fear not. Indeed, I am with you both; I hear and I see.
{Surah Taha 20: Verse 46}

This ayaat gives such an intimate feeling of closeness and comfort that it cannot truly be put into words. Merely reading these words thousands of years after they were said brings assurance and courage. One can only imagine the effect they must have had on the hearts of Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Haroon 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him). They set forth for their mission with the firm conviction that they were under Allah’s protection.

Difficulties build determination and character.
Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) faced all his challenges with hope and steadfastness. Even in his most strenuous times he stepped up to help others and supplicated for relief and guidance. He did not despair, nor did he become bitter and resentful when challenges appeared in his life. We pray that Allah does not test us with difficulty, but if affliction comes our way we understand that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) wishes to strengthen our resolve, make us more patient and inshallah raise our ranks in the hereafter.

🖊Adopt a gentle and firm manner in your interactions with others and you will be able to extract the best attributes of their character.
This demeanor should not be simply for dawah but rather with your family and friends as well. If Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) is required to be gentle in speech with Firawn, should we not speak kindly to everyone around us? Harshness leads to estrangement and gentleness causes love and mercy to grow. The Prophet ﷺ advised Aisha radiallahu anha, “…Aisha! show gentleness, for if gentleness is found in anything, it beautifies it and when it is taken out from anything it damages it…”
(Sunan Abi Dawud)

🖊 True courage comes from true tawakkul (trust) in Allah.
The words of this supplication echo the suffocating fear that most of us feel today; Islamophobia, hate speech, and rampant unbridled tyranny has cast a shadow on the Earth. Millions around the world are shackled under oppressive regimes and are praying for justice. Every person who struggles for the establishment of justice feels that fear in their heart but they must persevere despite it. True courage comes from true tawakkul (trust) in Allah. As Martin Luther King Jr. said, “In the end we will not remember the words of our enemies but the silence of our friends.” For believers, silence is simply not an option.

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The best type of Jihad (striving in the way of Allah) is speaking a true word in the presence of a tyrant ruler.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi]

Each and every one of us has to take our own path from Mount Tur to the palace of Firawn: strengthen your faith and join the struggle. May Allah guide us and grant strength to our hearts at times of hardships and trials – ameen ya rabbi.


Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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