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Al Kahf Challenge – Verse 110 (Memorize + Learn Tafsir)


Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

قُلْ إِنَّمَآ أَنَا۠ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَٰحِدٌ ۖ فَمَن كَانَ يَرْجُوا۟ لِقَآءَ رَبِّهِۦ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلًا صَـٰلِحًا وَلَا يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِۦٓ أَحَدًۢا

Qul innama ana basharunmithlukum yooha ilayya annama ilahukum ilahunwahidun faman kana yarjoo liqaa rabbihifalyaAAmal AAamalan salihan wala yushrikbiAAibadati rabbihi ahada
Say, “I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.”
{Surat Al Kahf 18 : Verse 110}

Audio – Recitor (Maher al-Muaiqly) (Fast)

Audio – Recitor (Hani Ar Rafai) (Slow)

Word Analysis
1. qul – Say,
2. innamā – “Only
3.  anā – I
4. basharun – (am) a man
5. mith’lukum – like you.
6. yūḥā – Has been revealed
7. ilayya – to me
8. annamā – that
9. ilāhukum – your God
10. ilāhun – (is) God
11. wāḥidun – One.
12. faman – So whoever
13. kāna – is
14. yarjū – hoping
15. liqāa – (for the) meeting
16. rabbihi – (with) his Lord,
17. falyaʿmal – let him do
18. ʿamalan – deeds
19. ṣāliḥan – righteous
20. walā – and not
21. yush’rik – associate
22. biʿibādati – in (the) worship
23. rabbihi – (of) his Lord
24. aḥadan – anyone.”

Tafsir & Explanation
Rasulallah ﷺ was commanded to declare his humanity and this is a very important information. There are many sects that overpraise and elevate Rasulallah ﷺ above his humanity.

Say, O [Muhammad], “I am only a man like you to whom it has been revealed that your god is but one God; so take a straight course to Him and seek His forgiveness.” And woe to those who associate others with Allah”
{Surah Fussilat 41: Verse 6}

And I am a “Bashar – Human being not an angel  just like you” , Mithlukum has been mentioned to show that definitely (to emphasize) he ﷺ is a human being . This is why prophet ﷺ became angry just like people do, he ﷺ became ill he fell sick just like other people do, he ﷺ felt thirst and hunger, he ﷺ would try to save himself from the heat of the sun, he ﷺ would try to save himself from the arrows in battle just like other people do, he ﷺ would forget, he ﷺ had a shadow. Physically Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is just like us. There are some people who say Prophet ﷺ was made of Noor. They say he ﷺ was made of light, this is a lie and absolutely incorrect and there is no evidence behind that and this ayah contradicts that false claim.

Because Prophet ﷺ was told by ALLAH to say I am “Just like you”. Just like you are made of flesh and bone I am made of it too. And people who say he had no shadow, if that claim was true it would be a great ayah and a great sign and this would be narrated by many many companions but we do not see even one report that prophet ﷺ did not have a shadow.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ did not have any power to bring any benefit or avert harm from people either.

Narrated `Umar: I heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, “Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I am only a Slave. So, call me the Slave of Allah and His Apostle.”
Evidence – https://sunnah.com/bukhari/60/115

And We did not make the prophets forms not eating food, nor were they immortal [on earth].
{Surah Al Anbya 21: Verse 8}

Say, “Indeed, I do not possess for you [the power of] harm or right direction.”
{Surah Al Jinn 72: Verse 21}
Despite clear warnings like these in Qur’an and Sunnah there are people who give such high attributes to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ that they do not even give to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). When Prophet ﷺ is mentioned they begin to shiver but when Allah is mentioned it is as if Allah is not mentioned at all.

The love they have for Prophet has surpassed the love they have for Allah. Loving the Prophet ﷺ is not wrong but to love him more than the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth is. Loving Prophet ﷺ is a condition of eeman we cannot ignore loving Prophet Muhammad ﷺ however he was a human being.

It is as if Allah knew these deviations will happen and that is why Allah is commanding prophet Muhammad ﷺ to announce clearly that he is just a human, just like all of us.

✏️ But then how is Prophet Muhammad ﷺ different from us? 
“Yooha ilayya – Wahee – Revelation is given only to me”. Meaning from amongst all you people wahee comes only to me – not to my cousin, not to my nephew, not to my uncle. Just like revelation was given to previous Prophets and Messengers ﷺ.

What is the message of that Wahee?
That your God is only ONE GOD. This is the essence and the gist of the revelation that was given to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, so whoever desires to meet his lord Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)  then he should do righteous deeds.

Allah Ar-Rahman has given us such an easy solution to have a good meeting with Him – Amal Saleh (Righteous Deeds) and he should not associate anyone else in the worship of his Lord. He should not associate anyone when it comes to the worship of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He).

Yes Shirk in Rububiya and shirk in Asma wa sifaat is not permissible but in this ayah ibadah is specifically mentioned because it is the focus.

Amal Saleh includes Tawheed (oneness of Allah) and ikhlaas (Sincerity). If our deeds lack sincerity and there is a lightest trait of riyaa that deed will not be accepted.

We learn in the Qur’an.,
Whoever should hope for the meeting with Allah – indeed, the term decreed by Allah is coming. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
{Surah Al Ankabut 29: Verse 5}

The only thing separating us from the meeting of Allah is death and death can come at any moment. Therefore a person who still has time should focus on righteous deeds – Amal Saleh. Because “Baqiyat Salihaat – enduring good deeds”, we are only going to take our good deeds with us. We are going to meet our lord with only these, without our children and without our wealth.

“Wealth and children are [but] adornment of the worldly life. But the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for [one’s] hope.”
{Surah Al Kahf 18: Verse 46}
So make use of this time and donot waste time in deeds that take you away from your lord. The Ayah then highlights tawheed and says that whoever wishes to meet his Rabb with genuine hope, he should fulfil 2 basic criteria.

CRITERIA 1 Righteous Deeds which are done sincerely for Allah.
Tawheed – Correct Belief.

Notice that these 2 criteria have been mentioned many times in the previous Ayat as well.

What is also important is for us to guard our deeds from minor shirk for Rasulallah ﷺ said:

“Verily, what I fear most for you is the minor shirk.” And he elaborated, “It is showing off (Ar-Riya’). Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection, when the people are rewarded or punished for their deeds: Go to the one for whom you were showing off in the world and see if you will find any reward with him.”
[Musnad Ahmad]

This is the end of the Tafseer of Surah Al-Kahf. Praise be to Allah, the Rabb of all that exists.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir
www. Quran.com

Authored by Aida Misr &  Shamsiya Noorul Quloob
Edited by Ibtahal Minhaj

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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