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“Shaytan flows in the son of Adam like blood flows." (Adab Al-Mufrad No. 1288)

15 Facts About Jinns & Black Magic

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

The subjects of the world of Jinn, magic, and evil eye is vast, difficult to condense into a single article. There are a lot of facts as well as fiction relating to these topics but the main point of focus in this article is to explain the correct beliefs regarding the world of the unseen and how we should equip ourselves against harm.

► History of Jinn
The Jinn were created way before the creation of humankind. If you look in the Qur’an, you will find stories of the jinn, in particular, Iblees and his encounter with the angels. When Allah would decree a matter and inform His angels, the jinn would listen and convey it to sorcerers.

► Their Creation
The jinn are created from smokeless fire as Allah mentioned in the Qur’an,

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ مِن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ
“And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud.”
وَالْجَانَّ خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن قَبْلُ مِن نَّارِ‌ السَّمُومِ
“And the jinn We created before from scorching fire.”
{Surah Hijr 15: Verses 26-27}

► Are all Jinn evil?
This is a misconception amongst many Muslims. In reality, not all jinn are evil as Allah says,

وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنَّا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ كُنَّا طَرَ‌ائِقَ قِدَدً
“And among us are the righteous, and among us are [others] not so; we were [of] divided ways.”
{Surah Jinn 72: verse11}

There are some Jinn who are evil like Iblees but there are others who are righteous and worship Allah. They even have scholars amongst them! :O

► Possession
Allah has given Jinns the ability to dwell inside human beings but this can only happen by His power, Glory be to Him. Only Allah can allow their harm to be afflicted upon a person. Many sorcerers and magicians will communicate with the Jinn and tell them to possess an individual. But before doing that, the Jinn makes a contract with the magician that he/she has to do an act of disbelief like stamp on the Qur’an or defecate on the Qur’an. Of course after doing this, the magician has become a disbeliever and only then will the Jinn assist that magician, sorcerer or palm reader. The magician will then command the evil Jinn to enter the body of a person and the Jinn will do so except those whom Allah wishes to protect.

► Jinn are like humans
Jinn are just like humans in the sense they marry, have children, follow a religion, eat etc. Allah said in the Qur’an,

وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمِنَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ ۖ فَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ تَحَرَّ‌وْا رَ‌شَدًا
“And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah], and among us are the unjust. And whoever has become Muslim – those have sought out the right course.”
{Surah Jinn 72: Verse 14}

The Prophet ﷺ commanded us, “Do not perform Istinja, with dung, nor with bones. For indeed it is provisions for your brothers among the Jinn.”
[Jami At-Tirmidhi No. 18]

► Their dwellings
Many people become scared of Jinn but in reality, the opposite is true! For that reason, the Jinn prefer to stay away from humans. This is why our Prophet ﷺ informed us that some Jinn like to live in filthy places like the toilet and thus, he taught us to recite a supplication before entering the toilet so as not be afflicted by their harm.
The righteous Jinn prefer to live with righteous people. This is why, there are righteous and good Jinn living in Masjid Al-Haram.

► Their form
Jinn cannot be seen in their original form but they can take the form of other creation like humans. There is a long narration in the books of hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah which you can find here:

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) deputed me to keep Sadaqat (al-Fitr) of Ramadan. A comer came and started taking handfuls of the foodstuff (of the Sadaqa) (stealthily). I took hold of him and said, “By Allah, I will take you to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) .” He said, “I am needy and have many dependents, and I am in great need.” I released him, and in the morning Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) asked me, “What did your prisoner do yesterday?” I said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! The person complained of being needy and of having many dependents, so, I pitied him and let him go.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Indeed, he told you a lie and he will be coming again.” I believed that he would show up again as Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) had told me that he would return. So, I waited for him watchfully. When he (showed up and) started stealing handfuls of foodstuff, I caught hold of him again and said, “I will definitely take you to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ). He said, “Leave me, for I am very needy and have many dependents. I promise I will not come back again.” I pitied him and let him go.
In the morning Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) asked me, “What did your prisoner do.” I replied, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! He complained of his great need and of too many dependents, so I took pity on him and set him free.” Allah’s Apostle said, “Verily, he told you a lie and he will return.” I waited for him attentively for the third time, and when he (came and) started stealing handfuls of the foodstuff, I caught hold of him and said, “I will surely take you to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as it is the third time you promise not to return, yet you break your promise and come.” He said, “(Forgive me and) I will teach you some words with which Allah will benefit you.” I asked, “What are they?” He replied, “Whenever you go to bed, recite “Ayat-al-Kursi”– ‘Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-l-Haiy-ul Qaiyum’ till you finish the whole verse. (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you and no satan will come near you till morning. ” So, I released him. In the morning, Allah’s Apostle asked, “What did your prisoner do yesterday?” I replied, “He claimed that he would teach me some words by which Allah will benefit me, so I let him go.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) asked, “What are they?” I replied, “He said to me, ‘Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi from the beginning to the end —- Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-lHaiy-ul-Qaiyum—-.’ He further said to me, ‘(If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no satan will come near you till morning.’ (Abu Huraira or another sub-narrator) added that they (the companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “He really spoke the truth, although he is an absolute liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu Huraira?” Abu Huraira said, “No.” He said, “It was Satan.”
[Bukhari] Evidence – http://sunnah.com/bukhari/40/11

Jinn can also take the form of animals as the Prophet ﷺ instructed us to seek refuge in Allah when hearing the bark of a black dog as it the devil.

► Every person has with them a Jinn
For every single human being, Allah has appointed for them a Jinn called in Arabic, ‘Qarn’ who will encourage them to do evil. Even the Prophet ﷺ had with him a Jinn but Allah gave the Prophet ﷺ strength to overpower his Qarn. The Prophet ﷺ also told us,

“Shaytan flows in the son of Adam like blood flows.” 
[Adab Al-Mufrad No. 1288]

A person and their Qarn will be arguing on the Day of Judgement as Allah mentioned in the Qur’an,

قَالَ قَرِ‌ينُهُ رَ‌بَّنَا مَا أَطْغَيْتُهُ وَلَـٰكِن كَانَ فِي ضَلَالٍ بَعِيدٍ
“His [devil] companion will say, ‘Our Lord, I did not make him transgress, but he [himself] was in extreme error.’
{Surah Qaf 50: Verse 27}

► Common habits of Shaytan
The Prophet ﷺ informed us of things the Shaytan does so that we do not follow his way. From them are:

  • Sleeping on one’s stomach
  • Walking with one shoe on
  • Eating with the left

► Different types of devils
There are different types of devils but the 6 main ones have 6 different roles.
✓ One has the duty to make a Muslim sleep over Fajr, his name is Kazrab.
✓ Another is appointed to create enmity in the marital home and cause divorce between a husband and wife.
✓ Another causes fights in the market.
✓ Another beautifies lying.
✓ Another whispers at the time of calamities and encourages people to do things that the Prophet warned against such as slapping the cheeks and tearing clothes.
✓ The last and final one beautifies the heinous act of zina.

► The Qur’an as a protection
Allah revealed the Qur’an and He described it with many different attributes; guidance, mercy, criterion. Allah also described the Qur’an as a cure, not only for spiritual illnesses but physical and medical ailments. The book of Allah is the greatest protection a Muslim has against devil possession and black magic. Suwar (Pl. of Surah) like Falaq and Naas were revealed specifically for protection against charm. Also, Ayat Al-Kursi will cause Allah’s protection to envelope a person whilst they sleep as angels will guard them throughout the night. The stronger your connection is with the Qur’an, the weaker the effect of Shaytan.

► The longest Surah in the Qur’an – Protection for the Muslim house

The Prophet ﷺ said, “Indeed Ash-Shaytan does not enter the house in which Surat Al-Baqarah is recited.”
[Jami Tirmidhi No. 2877]

► Ajwa dates

The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever takes seven ‘Ajwa dates in the morning will not be effected by magic or poison on that day.”
[Sahih Bukahri No. 671]

►Authentic Adhkar
There are supplications a person can find in the books of Du’a as well as in the Qur’an to recite against the Shaytan. One of them can be found in Surah Muminoon, verses 97 and 98. Read them, learn them and implement them!

And say, “My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils,
And I seek refuge in You, my Lord , lest they be present with me.”
{Surah Al Muminoon 23: Verses 97-98}

►Questioned on the Day of Judgement
Allah created the Jinn and the human beings to worship him alone,

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.”
{Surah Dhariyat 51: Verse 56}

On the day of Judgement, all the humans and Jinn will be questioned by Allah. It is only Allah who can harm and benefit. If Allah wishes to protect you, then no Jinn or human can harm you. I ask Allah that he protects us and our families from Jinn possession and black magic and may he grant a quick cure to those inflicted with these spiritual illnesses.

After understanding these facts, it isn’t possible to make mention of everything from the world of the unseen in an article or two as previous scholars have written works and volumes on this topic!

When it comes to the issue of Jinn and black magic, many people have misconceptions regarding them. Just like any other issue, this issue has two extremes which people fall into. Some will reject the existence of Jinns and black magic completely calling it a myth whilst others become paranoid to such a degree that they can’t live their life and worship Allah properly. Allah described this nation as one that is ‘balanced’; we don’t go one extreme or the other, rather we stay in the middle.

Everything mentioned in the Qur’an and in the authentic Sunnah must be accepted by every Muslim whether it is understood by their logic or not. Rejecting even a single letter of the Qur’an is disbelief and can put a person’s Islam to question.

At the very beginning of the Qur’an, Allah mentions a few characteristics of His believers; those who are conscience of him,

ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ
This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah”

الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ
Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them,”
{Surah Baqarah 2 : Verse 2-3}

From the creed of the Muttaqeen is that they believe in the unseen which involves the world of the angels, Jinns, black magic etc.

However, the harm of black magic and jinn possession is only limited to that which Allah allows. They can only harm if Allah permits. But our Lord and creator has given us different forms of protection (some mentioned above) but the greatest of those is the Qur’an; reading it, using it’s Du’as, acting upon it, and contemplating it. Why? Because through the Qur’an, a person strengthens and their relationship with Allah and this is the very essence; the closer you are to Allah, the more fortified you are from harm.

Authored by Ibrahim Khan
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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