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Memorize Rabbana Dua 27 – {QUR’AN 14:41}

Rabbana dua 27

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Transliteration
Rabbana ighfir lee waliwalidayyawalilmu/mineena yawma yaqoomu alhisab

Translation
Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers the Day the account is established.”

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
Rabbana Dua #27 contains the concluding words of Prophet Ibraheem’s supplication. Please refer to Dua #25 and Dua #26 for the earlier portions of this dua.

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)  has honored us by making us privy to this supplication of Ibraheem 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him). These words are not delivered as a khutbah or public address; rather they were words uttered for Allah’s sake alone. But we have been allowed to listen in and learn from this remarkable Prophet of Allah the fine art of making dua.

He begins, as we learn in verse 35, by asking for peace and security and then he proceeds to pray for guidance for his descendants and their protection from ever being tempted by Shirk. He pleads with Allah to grant them rizq and requests that the hearts of people be inclined towards them so they can establish the salaat and grow in gratitude.  He then reiterates the supplication for establishing the salaat and finally in this ayaat we learn that he seeks forgiveness for himself, his parents and for all believers on the Day of Judgment.

Why does he ask for forgiveness for his parents when they were idolaters? One opinion states that he is actually supplicating for Prophet Adam and Hawwa. The other opinion is that he is praying for them because he promised his father and he is fulfilling that promise. His father was very harsh with him but Ibraheem 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) possesses a gentle and forgiving nature and remembers him and prays for him without harboring any bitterness.

He is worried about his ascendants and descendants and most of us pray for our parents and children, but what is remarkable is that he also prays for you and me. He supplicates for himself and his parents and then proceeds to pray for the entire Muslim Ummah. He qualifies the statement with the words, “…on the Day of Judgment.” That is the day we will be in dire need of Allah’s forgiveness.  Prophet Ibraheem has put in a good word for us without our even asking for it.

Reflection
In colleges and universities we are required to take speech classes to polish our public speaking skills. The verbal and non-verbal aspects of effective communication are taught and we spend hours preparing and delivering speeches in order to earn some grades. Through these supplications we are being taught how to effectively and appropriately request from our Rubb. The effectiveness of Prophet Ibraheem’s method is evident because we can clearly see that his duas continue to be answered thousands of years after he has left the Earth.

What is his method? His supplications have some distinct characteristics:

  • Show your Sincerity
    His supplication is preceded by an act of sacrifice that testifies to his sincerity. He raised his hands to ask after he had left his family in the barren valley of Mecca and upon his return to the flourishing city.
  • Headed for the Hereafter
    The request for safety, rizq and good will from the people is in order to facilitate worship so his descendants can attain success in the Hereafter.
  • Punctuate with Praise
    It is imperative to praise the One who has provided you with everything:
    “Indeed, my Lord is the Hearer of supplication.”
    {Surah Ibraheem 14: Verse 39}
  • Make Dua for Your Dua
    There is desperation in his words, “…Our Lord, and accept my supplication.” {Surah Ibraheem 14: Verse 40}
  • Grasp onto Gratitude
    He expresses his gratitude as opposed to complaining about the circumstances, “Praise to Allah, who has granted to me in old age Ishmael and Isaac…” {Surah Ibraheem 14: Verse 39}
  • Don’t be Deceived by the Desert
    He asks for what is apparently impossible because his focus is upon the majesty of Allah and not on the available, visible means.
  • Supplicate Selflessly
    His supplication is not selfish-he prays for all believers
    , “Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers the Day the account is established.” {Surah Ibraheem 14: Verse 41}
  • Seal it with Istaghfar
    He concludes by seeking forgiveness because our sins can interfere with the acceptance of our supplications.

May Allah favor our duas with the same acceptance that was granted to Prophet Ibraheem’s supplications. Ameen

References
www.Quran.com
www.farhathashmi.com
www.bayyinah.tv

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

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Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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