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Memorize Rabbana Dua 25 – {QUR’AN 14:38}

Rabbana Dua 25

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Transliteration
Rabbana innaka taAAlamu manukhfee wama nuAAlinu wama yakhfa AAalaAllahi min shay-in fee al-ardi wala fee assama

Translation
Our Lord, indeed You know what we conceal and what we declare, and nothing is hidden from Allah on the earth or in the heaven.

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
Surah Ibraheem is a Meccan surah revealed at the time of intense persecution by the disbelievers. The contrast between gratitude (shukr) and ingratitude (kufr) is highlighted in this surah. The disbelievers of Mecca proudly flaunted their Abrahamic lineage while they simultaneously tortured the believers.  The supplications of Ibraheem alahi salaam are recounted to comfort the Messenger ﷺ, and to warn the Quraish that Allah سبحانه و تعالى is not unaware of their oppression and He will definitely call them to account for it.

Dua #25 is a portion of Prophet Ibraheem’s supplication. We first met Ibraheem, Hajar and Ismail in Surah Baqarah. As the figures of Hajar and baby Ismail are lost in the haze of the blistering heat and desert sands, Ibraheem alaihi salaam pauses to make dua. Hajar’s distressed words still echo in the desolate silence, “Why are you leaving us Ibraheem?” At this heart wrenching moment of absolute desperation a supplication is made so full of tawkkul that 1400 years later it continues to be answered:

And [mention] when Abraham said, “My Lord, make this a secure city and provide its people with fruits – whoever of them believes in Allah and the Last Day.” [ Allah ] said. “And whoever disbelieves – I will grant him enjoyment for a little; then I will force him to the punishment of the Fire, and wretched is the destination.”
{Surat Baqarah 2 : Verses 126}

After many years Ibrahim aleyhi salaam returns to find that a bustling city has sprouted in the sand where he left his wife and infant son. Water gushes miraculously from the earth and people have settled around it. He supplicates again to His Lord, but with great vision and clarity he modifies his dua:

And [mention, O Muhammad], when Abraham said, “My Lord, make this city [Makkah] secure and keep me and my sons away from worshiping idols. 
My Lord, indeed they have led astray many among the people. So whoever follows me – then he is of me; and whoever disobeys me – indeed, You are [yet] Forgiving and Merciful.
{Surah ‘Ibrāhīm 14: Verses 35 & 36}

He had seen idols built and sold from his own home as a child and young man and he is extremely anxious that his descendants be protected from the heinous practice of idol worship.

Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.
{Surah ‘Ibrāhīm 14: Verse 37}

He has returned to find that the produce he supplicated for has already been taken care of, so he supplicates for his descendants to be of those that establish the prayer. That was the original intent of leaving them in the desolate, barren valley of Mecca. The foundations of the Kaabah were buried in the sands and had been raised so that Makkah could be re-established as a center of worship for Allah alone; a landmark of monotheism.  While the rest of humanity strives and struggles to make their own dream homes, this righteous family sacrificed all for the establishment of Allah’s house.

Ibraheem alaihi salaam is keenly aware of the fact that Mecca has no scenery, resources or attractions that will draw the people to it. Yet he has absolute conviction that if the people love his family, they will be drawn to this bleak desert. Hawa literally means to ‘fall’. Huwi is ‘to descend from a height’, ‘to incline towards someone in love and affection’.  He uses the word Tahwee which implies ‘falling’ as in ‘falling in love’ so that the ‘passionate portion’ of the hearts of men should incline towards his family and that leads them to love Mecca. Generations of Muslims have felt that love tug at their hearts and millions of them continue to pour into Mecca, following in the footsteps of the family of Ibraheem alaihi salaam.

Prophet Ibrahim aleyhi salaam continues:

Our Lord, indeed You know what we conceal and what we declare, and nothing is hidden from Allah on the earth or in the heaven.
{Surah ‘Ibrāhīm 14: Verse 38}

These words testify to the inadequacy of any language, written or spoken, to fully encompass human emotions. Even the most eloquent speech cannot truly capture the yearning of the human heart. The most articulate sermon cannot truly reflect the sincerity of the speaker’s intentions. The desperate depth of human desires is divulged only to Allah سبحانه و تعالى, the Knower of all that is in the heavens and the earth. Only Allah knows what the souls conceal and what the tongues reveal.

The words uttered by Ibraheem alaihi salaam are simple but their impact is unprecedented. Our perception encompasses only the words while Allah’s knowledge extends to the sincerity of the soul. When we recite the words spoken by Ibraheem alaihi salaam, we should strive to yearn as earnestly as the friend of Allah did.

Praise to Allah, who has granted to me in old age Ishmael and Isaac. Indeed, my Lord is the Hearer of supplication.
{Surah ‘Ibrāhīm 14: Verse 39}

The Prophet’s are grateful and positive under all circumstances. It is said that he was 99 years old when Ismail was born and 111 years old when Ishaq alahi salaam was born. He acknowledges the miracle of their birth and mentions it as a great favor, hoping that this will make him deserving of more mercy from his Rubb. As-Samee is the One who not only hears, but also responds. We fail to tap into this tremendous treasure of gratitude and instead complain and whine, choosing to focus on the negative, constantly uttering words of ingratitude that make us unworthy of receiving the mercy of Allah. Can you imagine if Ibraheem alaihi salaam had grumbled about not having kids early like everyone else?

As is mentioned earlier in this very Surah:

And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ 
{Surah ‘Ibrāhīm 14: Verse 7}

Reflection

  • Ibraheem alaihi salaam asks for what is apparently impossible and it is granted to him. He stands in the shifting sands of a barren, uninhabited desert and asks for safety, security and sustenance. There are no helicopters to drop the fresh fruit down and there are no highways that will bring truckloads of produce to Mecca. He is one solitary figure in a vast empty wilderness, but he perceives the vastness of the Mercy of Allah while our sights are blinkered by being set on the visible and very limited means. We should also dare to ask for the impossible, and strive for the improbable with absolute unwavering conviction and certainty and inshallah it will be granted to us.
  • The masajid of Allah are there for the creation of character and it is this character that attracts the people to the masajid. The structure will not draw the people; rather it is the hospitality of those who welcome the worshipers to Allah’s houses.
  • Our homes and our families should not distract us from the Houses of Allah. Rather we should learn from the family of Ibraheem that if we place the masjid at the center of our lives, inshallah our wealth and our progeny will become a Sadaqah Jariyah (continuous charity) for us.

References
www.quran.com
www.farhathashmi.com
www.tadabbur-i-quran.org
www.bayyinah.tv

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

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Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461

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2 comments

  1. nazbbz3@gmail.com

    plz send me all rabbana dua

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