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Al Kahf Challenge – Verse 105 (Memorize + Learn Tafsir)

Al kahf 105

Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَلِقَآئِهِۦ فَحَبِطَتْ أَعْمَـٰلُهُمْ فَلَا نُقِيمُ لَهُمْ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ وَزْنًا

Ola-ika allatheena kafaroobi-ayati rabbihim waliqa-ihi fahabitataAAmaluhum fala nuqeemu lahum yawma alqiyamatiwazna
Those are the ones who disbelieve in the verses of their Lord and in [their] meeting Him, so their deeds have become worthless; and We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection any importance.
{Surat Al Kahf 18 : Verse 105}

Audio – Recitor (Maher al-Muaiqly) (Fast)

Audio – Recitor (Hani Ar Rafai) (Slow)

Word Analysis
1. ulāika – Those
2. alladhīna – (are) the ones who
3. kafarū – disbelieve
4. biāyāti – in the Verses
5. rabbihim – (of) their Lord,
6. waliqāihi – and the meeting (with) Him.
7. faḥabiṭat – So (are) vain
8. aʿmāluhum – their deeds,
9. falā – so not
10. nuqīmu – We will assign
11. lahum – for them
12. yawma – (on) the Day
13. l-qiyāmati – (of) the Resurrection
14. waznan – any weight.

Tafsir & Explanation
In this Ayah, Allah سبحانه و تعالى gives us another characteristic : they deny the signs of their Rabb, the truth of His Messengers, and they deny the Hereafter. These people are missing the first and third conditions mentioned in Surah Al-Asr i.e. correct belief and truthfulness – their denial of Allah’s Signs and resurrection on the Day of Judgment constitute false belief and are in fact untruthful because Allah سبحانه و تعالى has clearly shown to us His Signs.

And because of their denial, all of their [a’mal] / works are in vain. The word [a’mal] is typically used for good deeds however for these people, their deeds will have absolutely no worth whatsoever. Allah سبحانه و تعالى says:

And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust.
{Surah Al-Furqan 25: Verse 23}

These people disbelieved and ignored the meeting with Allah سبحانه و تعالى. When a person is sure about meeting Allah and when a person believes in meeting Allah he strives and prepares for it. He will work and he will put in effort and prepare himself for that meeting.

For example image our weddings. The day when we will get to meet our spouse. When do the preparations begin? Think about it – sometimes years before and sometimes months before – people will delay their engagements for years – WHY? So that they can prepare for that day, so that everything can be set and ready – why? because they believe in that meeting.

Similarly, if a person believes he is going to meet his lord in the hereafter he will prepare for it. He will work for that meeting. Is it possible for a person to say yes yes I am getting married but I am not getting my wedding dress made. Yes, I am getting married but I am not getting a house ready for my wife. What are you going to say about this person? He is not serious and she is not serious. They are faking about getting married. If they are serious it will be obvious in their plans, actions, activities & schedule. So a person who believes in the meeting with his lord will prepare for it. And a person who doesn’t believe in it will not prepare for it.

The ayaat of Allah are of two types:
1. Ayaat Kauni 
2. Ayaat Shar’ee

These people have rejected Ayaat Kauni. They have rejected the fact that the sun and moon are created by Allah. They reject and say “this wealth that I have Allah did not give it to me, I have acquired it myself” and “this beauty I have it is because of my family and my genes”. This is rejecting the ayaat of Allah.

Ayaat shar’ee’s rejection is saying this Qur’an is human fabrication, this is the word of human being. Why do we have to follow the word of prophet Muhammad ﷺ. You don’t need to follow the sunnah do whatever you wish. This is rejecting shar’ee ayaat.

And because of this rejection all deeds are wasted no matter how good, righteous or generous they appear to be. No matter how much they smile and no matter how much they give to the poor and the needy no matter how successful they are in their worldly activities no matter how much money they have made and no matter how good they are to their relatives. Their “Sa’ee – Their efforts” will not be of any use. So on the day of resurrection their deeds will not carry any weight at all.

In Surah Araf Allah tells us that on the day of resurrection all deeds are going to be weighed.

“Walwaznu yawma-ithini alhaqq…”
“And the weighing [of deeds] that Day will be the truth..”
{Surat Al A’raf 7: Verse 8}

Disbelievers, when they come on the day of judgment with their deeds their deeds will weigh nothing. They had great wealth and great accomplishments in the duniya but on the day of akhira their state will be different.

Why? Because they never did those actions for the sake of Allah سبحانه و تعالى. They never did them according to instructions of Allah. All their deeds used to revolve around the duniya and they prepared nothing for akhira.

This is how low and degraded they are in the sight of Allah. When their deeds are accumulated they have no weight at all ZERO, NADA, ZILCH! May Allah protect us from being amongst them and make our intentions for His sake alone. Remember on the day of judgment not only will our deeds be weighed our bodies will be weighed as well.

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, a huge fat man will come who will not weigh, the weight of the wing of a mosquito in Allah’s Sight.” and then the Prophet (ﷺ) added, ‘We shall not give them any weight on the Day of Resurrection’ {Surah Al Kahf 18: Verse 105}
[Sahih Bukhari]

Surah Kahf places a lot of importance on actions. What kind of actions?
Actions that are
1) Saleh “baqiyatu assalihat – The Enduring good deeds”
{Surah Al Kahf 18: Verse 46}
2) Ehsan  “ahsanuAAamala – Best of deeds”
{Surah Al Kahf 18: Verse 7}

Near Allah the quantity of action is not as much important as the quality of action. A person may have done many actions but if those actions are not of a certain quality they do not carry any weight. On the other hand if a person performs only a few deeds but with ikhlaas (sincerity), with Tawheed (believing in oneness of Allah) and in accordance with prophet’s ﷺ  sunnah this would make the scale very heavy. But if the person has many deeds but without sincerity those deeds will have no weight.

Allah reminds us in Surah Al Mu’minun

But those whose scales are light – those are the ones who have lost their souls, [being] in Hell, abiding eternally.
The Fire will sear their faces, and they therein will have taut smiles.
{Surah Al Muminun 23: Verses 103-104}

But a believer even when he does a worldly task but he does it with good intentions and in accordance with Allah and His messenger ﷺ then he will be rewarded for it. Apart from worldly deeds with good intentions a believes also EXCLUSIVELY focuses on deeds that are for the hereafter. A believer knows how to maintain a proper balance.

A Muslimah learns to balance her deeds. When she cooks which may seem like a worldly affair she does it with the intention of pleasing Allah. She doesn’t think this is such a waste of time, where are women rights, when will my husband start cooking, I have to go to school as well if he has to go to work. With this attitude we put so much anger in that food that even if we, our children and husband eats that food we cannot benefit at all. Good intentions are important even in the kitchen.

Let us look at this beautiful incident where Imam Ahmad (ra) ate a lot of food when he went to visit his teacher Imam Shafi’ee (ra). Keep in mind it is unislamic to eat a lot or to one’s fill. Especially so for a scholar and Islamic giant like Imam Ahmad (ra)

Imaam Shafi’ee Visits Imaam Ahmad – A Strange Incident With A Beautiful Explanation!

The Personal Relationship Between a Scholar and His Student.

Imam Ahmad used to mention the virtues of his sheikh, Imam Ash Shafi’ee to his wife. He would mention to her the extensive and superb knowledge of Imam Ash Shafi’ee as well as his taqwah (i.e. piety). Imam Ahmad invited Imam Ash Shafi’ee to come visit him at his home. When the time for dinner arrived, Imam Ash Shafi’ee ate until he was full and went to the guest room for some sleep.

The wife of Imam Ahmad said to him: “O Ahmad! Is this the same Shafi’ee that you used to tell me so much about?

Imam Ahmad said: “Indeed he is!

So she said: “I noticed three things about him worthy of criticism! Firstly, when we served him the food, he ate plenty of it! Secondly, when he went into the guest room, he went to sleep without standing up to perform the night prayer (i.e. tahujjud)! Lastly, when he prayed Salat ul Fajr with us, he did not perform ablution (i.e. wudhu)?!”

So Imam Ahmad went to Imam Ash Shafi’ee to ask him about these three matters his wife noticed. Imam Ash Shafi’ee said to him, (the way a father would explain to his son): “O Ahmad! I ate plenty because I know for certain that your food is halal (i.e. permissible islamically) and you are a generous man! And the food that comes from a generous man is a cure, while the food that comes from a stingy man is a disease!

However, I didn’t eat plenty of food in order to achieve my fill; rather I ate plenty of your food in order to derive the cure from it! As for the reason I didn’t stand up at night to perform the night prayer, when I laid my head down to get some sleep, I looked and all I could see was the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wa salam) right in front of my face! So I deducted 72 fiqh related benefits from them for the Muslims to benefit from. Thus there was no opportunity for me to stand and perform the night prayer!

As for the reason why I prayed Salat ul Fajr without performing ablution, by Allah! My eyes never tasted the sweetness of sleep in order for me to renew my wudhu!! I was awake the whole night, so I prayed Salat ul Fajr with the same wudhu I had for Salat ul Isha!!!

[Collected by Al Hafidh Ibn Hajr in Fath ul Bari concisely and by Abu Nu’aim in Hilya tul Awliyaa’. Translated by Abu Azzubayr Shadeed Muhammad on 3/30/2010 in the City of Riyadh Saudi Arabia]

From this we learn that a simple deed such as cooking food if its done with good niyyah and positive thinking, look at how beneficial it can be. And if the same action if its done with Riyah, anger and  ghadab where you remind people how much effort it took for you to cook. Where you say things like “It took me 3 hours to cook this food and you are eating it in 10 minutes and going away?!” This attitude is not fair, have a good intention and expect reward from Allah.

When a person has Ikhlaas (sincerity) all of his deeds are rewarded but when Ikhlaas is missing there is no reward.

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘Seek refuge with Allah from the pit of grief.’ They said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is the pit of grief?’ He said: ‘A valley in Hell from which Hell itself seeks refuge four hundred times each day.’ It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, who will enter it?’ He said: ‘It has been prepared for reciters of the Qur’an who want to show off their deeds. The most hateful of reciters of the Qur’an to Allah are those who visit the rulers.'”
(Visiting the rulers to seek reward)
[Sunan Ibn Majah]
Even reciting Qur’an not done for the sake of Allah is a big loss/liability and great harm. It will bring great punishment.

May Allah make us from amongst those who keep their intentions sincere and who gain Allah’s pleasure – ameen ya rabbi.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir
www. Quran.com

Authored by Aida Misr & Shamsiya Noorul Quloob
Edited by Ibtahal Minhaj

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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