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Memorize Rabbana Dua 24 – {QUR’AN 10:85-86}

Rabbana dua 24

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Transliteration
Rabbana la tajAAalnafitnatan lilqawmi aththalimeen Wanajjina birahmatika minaalqawmi alkafireen

Translation
Our Lord, make us not [objects of] trial for the wrongdoing people And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people.

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
The longest span of Meccan Suwar (Pl. of Surah) stretches for 7th juzz from Surah Yunus to Surah Noor. Surah Yunus was revealed after Surah Israa, which was revealed upon the return of the Prophet ﷺ from the journey of Mairaj. Its main topic is belief in the concept of divine predestination. Other crucial themes of the surah are: the absolute Oneness of Allah, the denial of Shirk and the truthfulness of the Messengers. In the second ayah of Surah Yunus, Allah سبحانه و تعالىmentions “those who believe that they will have a [firm] precedence of honor (qadama sidqin) with their Lord”. This is a reference to the ultimate victory of the believers and is also a theme reiterated in this set of Meccan Suwar.

The battle between good and evil is embedded into the fabric of time. The Quran highlights the iconic struggle of Prophet Musa alahi salaam against the proverbial tyrant Firawn in many places in the Quran. On the one hand is the unparalleled arrogance and injustice of Firawn and on the other, the humility and unswerving courage of Musa alaihi salaam who faces all challenges and remains firm even when his own people doubt him.

The words of Rabbana Dua number 24 are conveyed to us by the youth who had the remarkable courage to believe in Musa alahi salaam when the persecution of Firawn was at its height. Firawn’s plan to humiliate Prophet Musa and Haroon upon the hands of the magicians had backfired. The magicians had become Muslim and had met their end as martyrs. Firawn was fuming with rage. Anyone who dared to express his belief at this time was guaranteed to die a slow, painful death. The magicians were the first to meet the brunt of his barbaric rage: he cut their limbs from opposite sides and then crucified them publicly in order to deter people from following Musa alaihi salaam. Many were too petrified to express their belief and many especially from the youth declared their faith despite fear of horrific torture and death.

“But no one believed Moses, except [some] youths among his people, for fear of Pharaoh and his establishment that they would persecute them. And indeed, Pharaoh was haughty within the land, and indeed, he was of the transgressors.
{Sūrah Yūnus 10: Verse 83}

According to some scholars the youth referred to are the young people from Bani Israel while others contend that the youth are actually from the people of Firawn. Some would say that the young men and women were foolish to take such a risk when the threat was so real. Surely Allah does not expect us to put ourselves in harm’s way?

In order to understand the correct behavior in such a situation we should listen to the conversation between Prophet Musa and the believing youth.

And Moses said, “O my people, if you have believed in Allah, then rely upon Him, if you should be Muslims.”
{Sūrah Yūnus 10: Verse 84}

There is such hikmah in the words of the Messenger and such poignant insight in the response of the youth that Allah سبحانه و تعالىhas preserved it for us in the Quran.

Musa Alaihi salaam encourages them to measure the validity of their declaration of Eman (faith) by checking their degree of Tawakkul (reliance upon Allah). Between Eman and Islam lies Tawakkul and it is on this perilous path that many lose their way. The heart testifies to the oneness of Allah and the truthfulness of the Messenger, yet we succumb to the pressures from society and fail to validate that declaration by acting upon it and openly practicing it as Muslims. Those that watched the magicians fall in prostration felt the faith in their hearts, but as they watched the blood dry under their crucified bodies they closed their minds to the possibility of ever declaring their faith. All except the youth, who realized the danger and yet responded positively and promptly to the call of the Messenger:

So they said, “Upon Allah do we rely. Our Lord, make us not [objects of] trial for the wrongdoing people
And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people.”
{Sūrah Yūnus 10: Verses 85-86}

Musa Alaihi salaam said, ‘Have Tawakkul’ and they responded vehemently, ‘We have Tawakkul’. The youth are usually accused of being rash, irresponsible and unrealistic but we can see by their supplication that they are keenly aware of the danger they are in; but they know that mere lip-sevice to the deen is not sufficient for salvation. Action is essential.

Allah tests the disbelievers by giving them opportunities to transgress, so the youth implore Allah that He protects them from becoming the object of Firawn’s persecution. They also humbly request that He envelops them in His Mercy so that Firawn is not able to overpower them, because such victory might lead him to become even more oppressive in the land.

Reflection:

  • Today there is not one Firawn, but many. To add insult to injury, the Firawns of today claim to be ‘Muslims’ and the land and the seas are stained with the blood of innocent men, women and children. Will we be forgiven if we cower in fear and assimilate into the society, removing all semblance of true Islam from our outward appearance? Is there for us any path except the one taken by the youth who followed Musa alaihi salaam? To realize the danger and have Tawakkul. Allah subhawatala informs us in Surah Talaaq:

“…And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him…”
{Surah At-Talaq 65: Verse 3}

May Allah grant us the courage that comes from true Tawakkul so that we can serve the deen with pride, inshallah, under all circumstances.

References

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

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Prophet Muhammad ﷺ - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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