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Al Kahf Challenge – Verse 10 (Memorize + Learn Tafsir)

Al Kahf 10

Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

إِذْ أَوَى ٱلْفِتْيَةُ إِلَى ٱلْكَهْفِ فَقَالُوا۟ رَبَّنَآ ءَاتِنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً وَهَيِّئْ لَنَا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا رَشَدًا

Ith awa alfityatu ilaalkahfi faqaloo rabbana atina minladunka rahmatan wahayyi/ lana min amrinarashada
[Mention] when the youths retreated to the cave and said, “Our Lord, grant us from Yourself mercy and prepare for us from our affair right guidance.”
{Surat Al Kahf 18 : Verse 10}

Audio – Recitor (Maher al-Muaiqly) (Fast)

Audio – Recitor (Hani Ar Rafai) (Slow)

Word Analysis
1. idh – When
2. awā – retreated
3. l-fit’yatu – the youths
4. ilā – to
5. l-kahfi – the cave,
6. faqālū – and they said,
7. rabbanā – “Our Lord!
8. ātinā – Grant us
9. min – from
10. ladunka – Yourself
11. raḥmatan – Mercy,
12. wahayyi – and facilitate
13. lanā – for us
14. min – from
15. amrinā – our affair
16. rashadan – in the) right way.”

Tafsir & Explanation
Allah tells us about these youths who fled from their people for the sake of their religion, abandoning their family, friends, land and wealth out of fear of trials and persecution.

To preserve our religion, it is required for us to flee (hijrah) if necessary. Unfortunately nowadays, we see many who do hijrah from the land of Islam to western lands merely for material gains. This is prohibited by the scholars. The Sunnah of the Prophets and the righteous is making hijrah for the sake of Islam, not for dunya.

Similarly, never compromise when it comes to protecting our imaan & Deen, even if it means having to change our circle of friends who want to take our Religion away. Find good company who will become protective friends until Jannah instead.

Another important lesson from this Ayah is that these youths combined 2 things: Effort (i.e. they fled from persecution and hid in a suitable place) and  supplication to Allah (they knew that there is no guarantee that the cave will protect them, so they turned to Allah سبحانه و تعالى)

The formula is therefore: Make effort AND trust in Allah. This trust after making effort is called tawakkul.

When Allah سبحانه و تعالى begins an ayah with إِذْ, ith, it means: to mention, remember and recall. So remember when أَوَى, awaa, they sought refuge. This is from hamza wow ya and it literally means to descend. From this the meaning is derived to seek refuge, to retire, to rest. They sought refuge in the cave, running away from the disbelief and persecution of their people.

The companions of the cave were الْفِتْيَةُ, young men, the age for a fataa (singular form of fityah) is a youth younger than 25.

While they were running from their people and seeking refuge in the cave they were saying: O our Rabb, Bestow on us mercy from Yourself, and facilitate for us our affair in the right way!

These youth do not say, min doonika, from near you, but they say: لَدُنْكَ , and this is closer than dooni, from very close and near to You, our Rabb, grant us: رَحْمَةً, rahmah, and in this ayah it means: guidance, forgiveness, provision.

Their duaa continues,<<وَهَيِّئْ لَنَا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا رَشَدًا>>, and facilitate for us our affair in the right way.
هَيِّئْ, hayyi’, is from ha ya hamza and it means a state or appearance of something. It means to provide the means for something, or to prepare something, to make it ready. So the youth are calling out, O our Rabb, provide for us, grant us the means, take care of أَمْرِنَا , amrinaa, our affair. Subhan Allah, they left their people fleeing persecution for believing in Allah, they are young, no provisions, they don’t know what to do so they turn to Allah, o our Rabb, prepare our affair and take care of it, in which way?

رَشَدًا, the right way. from ra sheen daal and it is opposite of ghayy, which means deviation. Rush means to follow the right way, be well guided or directed, true direction. O our Rabb, take care of our affairs in the right way.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir
www. Quran.com

Authored by Aida Misr & Amatul Wadood
Edited by Ibtahal Minhaj

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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