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1 HOUR CHALLENGE : Memorize Ayatun Nur & Learn Tafsir

Ayatun Noor Challenge

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.
{Surat An Nur 24: Ayaah 35}

Audio (Maher Al Muqaily)

Split mp3’s of the Verse for Easy Memorization

Part 1 of the Verse

ٱللَّـهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِۦ كَمِشْكَوٰةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ

Allāhu Nūrus-Samāwāti Wal-‘Arđ Mathalu Nūrihi Kamishkāatin Fīhā Mişbāĥ
Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp,

Part 2 of the Verse

ٱلْمِصْبَاحُ فِى زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ ٱلزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّىٌّ

Al-Mişbāĥu Fī Zujāja Az-Zujājatu Ka’annahā Kawkabun Durrī
the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star,

Part 3 of the Verse

 يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ

Yūqadu Min Shajaratin Mubārakatin Zaytūn – ZaytunatilLā Sharqīyatin Wa Lā Gharbīya
lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long)

Part 4 of the Verse

يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِىٓءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ

Yakādu Zaytuhā Yuđī’u Wa Law Lam Tamsas/hu Nār Nūrun `Alá Nūr
whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light!

Part 5 of the Verse

يَهْدِى ٱللَّـهُ لِنُورِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ ۚ وَيَضْرِبُ ٱللَّـهُ ٱلْأَمْثَـٰلَ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ وَٱللَّـهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

Yahdīllāhu Linūrihi Man Yashā’u Wa Yađribu Allāhu Al-‘Amthāla Lilnnāsi Wallāhu Bikulli Shay’in `Alīm
Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.

 

Tafseer of Ayatun Nur
Dr. Yasir Qadhi

1. No ayah of the Qur’an has been commented on, and more tafasir have been written and more pages of exposition have been done than on the “Verse of Nur – Ayatun Nur”. Over 100 treatises have been written about this verse
2. This is a tafseer of the verse from the treatise of Ibn Al Qayyim (ra) who was the famous student of Ibn Taymiyyah (ra).
3. The Verse begins with “Allah is the Nur or Light of the heavens and the Earth”. There are 3 primary interpretations:

INTERPRETATION 1:
Allah is source of guidance in all of the heavens and the Earth. “Nur” is the interpretation of “Hidayah/Guidance”. And this interpretation has plenty of reference from the Qur’an and Sunnah. Allah is the source of guidance and all guidance comes from Allah. This interpretation fits in perfectly with the ending of the verse “yahdee Allahu linoorihi man yasha – Allah guides to His light whom He wills”.

Because Allah calls Qur’an – Nur.
“..Waanzalna ilaykum nooran mubeena”
and We sent down to you a manifest light (this Quran)
{Surat An Nisa 4 : Verse 174}

Because Allah calls Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)  – Nur. He ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)  is a blazing light “Sirajan Muneera”.
“Ya ayyuha annabiyyuinna arsalnaka shahidan wamubashshiran wanatheera,WadaAAiyan ila Allahibi-ithnihi wasirajan muneera”
O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And one who invites to Allah , by His permission, and an illuminating lamp.
{Surat Al Ahzab 33: Verses 45-46}

Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) are nur and Allah guides to nur.

And Allah says in the Qur’an:
“..yukhrijuhum mina aththulumati ilaannoor..”
He brings them out from darknesses into the light.
{Surat Al Baqarah 2 : Verse 257}

INTERPRETATION 2:
Allah brings light to the Heavens and the Earth. A Physical light. Allah created Physical light, so where did this light come from? Allah gave us this light. Allah has created The Shams and The Qamar (The Sun and The Moon) which give us light. There is no light apart from the one Allah has blessed us with.

INTERPRETATION 3:
We take the ayaah at face value. Allah is Nur, Allah is light in the way He knows. When Allah says He is merciful we understand it but we do not go too deep. How does Allah hear? How does Allah see? When Allah says He is Nur we take it at face value. How? We don’t question it. This interpretation is supported by Qur’an and Sunnah as well. All 3 interpretations are valid.

Allah says in the Qur’an:
“Waashraqati al-ardu binoori rabbiha..”
And the earth will shine with the light of its Lord,
{Surat Az Zumar 39 : Verse 69}

 And Prophet Muhammad prayed in Qiyaam ul Layl and in Tahajjud
“Allahumma lakal-hamd. Anta qaiyyimus-samawati wal-ard wa man fihinna”
O Allah! For You is all Praise – You are the Light of the Heavens and the Earth and all that is in them. 

It was narrated that Abu Musa said:
“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah does not sleep, and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Scales and raises them. His Veil is Light, and if He were to remove it, the glory of his Face would burn everything of His creation, as far as His gaze reaches.’ ” Then Abu ‘Ubaidah recited the verse: ‘Blessed is whosoever is in the fire, (i.e. the light of Allah) and whosoever is round about it! And Glorified is Allah, the Lord of all that exists.”

Sahih
{Sunan Ibn Majah}
Allah as a mercy for us has protected us from His brilliance. We cannot withstand His brilliance. We all know what happened when Musa (aleyhis Salaam) asked to see Allah, we all know the story right?

Musa said:
rabbiarinee anthur ilayk
“My Lord, show me [Yourself] that I may look at You.”
And Allah said:
lan taraneewalakini onthur ila aljabali fa-iniistaqarra makanahu fasawfa taranee falammatajalla rabbuhu liljabali jaAAalahu dakka
“You will not see Me, but look at the mountain; if it should remain in place, then you will see Me.” But when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He rendered it level,
{Surat Al A’raf 7: Verse 143}

The Mountain crumbled and Musa (aleyhi Salaam) fell unconscious. Allah is demonstrating you don’t have the power to withstand my beauty.
Innallaha Jameel
Innallaha Nur
Allah is The Ultimate Beauty
Allah is The Ultimate Light
Allah in His mercy has protected us through His Hijaab. Is His hijaab the hijaab of darkness? No. Even His hijaab is the hijaab of light. And this is why in the beautiful Hadith when Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) went to Isra wal Mai’raaj he was telling the sahaba about this and he was telling them in Madina.

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Dharr:
I asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): Did you see thy Lord? He said: (He is) Light; how could I see Him?
{Sahih Muslim}

In other words Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) came so close he saw the hijaab of Allah. The Noor what was this light? The Noor that he saw was the Hijaab. Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) says there was light how could I see Allah?
4. To recap these are the 3 primary interpretations:
1. Allah is the Guide, He gives guidance.
2. Allah brings the physical light.
3. Allah Himself is a noor that befits Him.
5. The next part “mathalu noorihi kamishkatin feehamisbah”. The example of the light, what is the light being referenced here?
There are differing opinions:
1. This is the light of the Qur’an.
2. This is the light of Allah.
3. This is the light of Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him).
6. The strongest interpretation of what is light is of Ibn Abbas (radiAllahu anhu).  He said this light refers to the light of the Eeman that Allah places in the heart of a believer.
7. Moving forward ” The example of this light is a niche”. Niche is a crevice in the wall, inside this crevice is a candle, the candle is closed in a glass lamp. The glass lamp that the light is in is like a beautiful star. The oil for this Lamp comes from a blessed tree, it is an olive tree. This tree is neither found in the east nor in the west. The oil that comes from this blessed tree, the oil is so pure and brilliant , the oil itself is about to give out fire even before the match touches it.
8. How do we interpret the above? There are 2 methodologies:
a) To take the entire parable at its face value and to understand it as an example in its entirety. To not think about the meaning of the glass or the niche or the lamp. To view it as a beautiful example of a protected glass lamp. The Niche is a protection, the wind is not going to blow the light off. Inside niche’ is a glass lamp that protects the light. The light comes from the oil of a sacred tree. The oil itself is precious and it is about to be set alight.
b) The second methodology is to break down the example and understand it one by one.
– What does the niche’ symbolize?
– What does the glass symbolize?
– What does the light symbolize?
– What does the tree symbolize?
And after that we try to match up. And alhumdulillah this has been done by Ibn Al Qayyim (rahimAllahu). He has given a clear list of what symbolizes what.
9. The tafsir of this ayah is extremely extensive and can take days worth of lecture. Shaykh Yasir discusses only 1 interpretation in this talk.
– The Niche’ / The Crevice represents “The Chest of the Believer”. The mishkaat represents the chest of the believer
– The Glass represents “The Heart”. The analogy/symbolism of glass being the heart is extremely profound. The heart of the believer is see through like that of a glass. He acts according to what his heart is like. The believer is not a hypocrite. The believer is a straight faced man. He is going to be upfront about his emotions, he is not two-faced. He is not going to double cross you, his heart is like a glass. Also glass can be both fragile or more solid than a rock. Some peoples hearts are fragile like a soft glass whereas the hearts of other people are solid like a rock.
The hearts of believers are like glasses of Allah on Earth. He fills them as He pleases.
– Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)
– The Light / lamp /Misbah represents “The light of Eeman from Allah”.
Summing it down to “The light of eeman is protected in the heart which is in the chest of the believer”
– The Tree/ The blessed Tree represents “The Tree of the Qur’an”. The light of Eeman comes from Qur’an. That is why Allah says it is neither from the East or the West. The Qur’an is from up above. The Qur’an is giving us the purest of pure oil. The oil is so pure it doesn’t require match to light it up. When the light of the Qur’an reaches the purity of the heart what happens?
NOOR UN ALA NOOR = The Light of the Qur’an + The Light of the Purity of the believer.
10. This is why People of pure fitra are guided towards Islam. They are pure and they see the purity of Qur’an and are attracted towards it. Noor un ala Noor. Allah guides to this light whomever He pleases. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.
11. The purpose of this verse is to be reminded to do what Allah azza wa jal commands us to do, so that we could be guided to the light.
12. Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) used to make the dua

 اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِي قَلْبِي نُورًا، وَفِي بَصَرِي نُورًا، وَفِي سَمْعِي نُورًا، وَعَنْ يَمِينِي نُورًا، وَعَنْ يَسَارِي نُورًا، وَفَوْقِي نُورًا، وَتَحْتِي نُورًا، وَأَمَامِي نُورًا، وَخَلْفِي نُورًا، وَاجْعَلْ لِي نُورًا

Allaahummaj’al fee qalbee nooran, wa fee lisaaanee nooran, wa fee sam’ee nooran, wa fee basaree nooran, wa min fawqee nooran, wa min tahtee nooran, wa ‘an yameenee nooran, wa ‘an shimaalee nooran, wa min ‘amaamee nooran, wa min khalfee nooran, waj’alfee nafsee nooran, wa ‘a’dhim lee nooran, wa ‘adhdhim lee nooran, wafal lee nooran, waj’alnee nooran, Allaahumma ‘a’tinee nooran, waj’al fee ‘asabee nooran, wafee lahmee nooran, wafee damee nooran, wa fee sha’ree nooran, wa fee basharee nooran.
O Allah, place light in my heart, and on my tongue light, and in my ears light and in my sight light, and above me light, and below me light, and to my right light, and to my left light, and before me light and behind me light. Place in my soul light. Magnify for me light, and amplify for me light. Make for me light and make me a light. O Allah, grant me light, and place light in my nerves, and in my body light and in my blood light and in my hair light and in my skin light.
[Bukhari]

 13. Allah also tells us in Surat At Tahrim how this light will race infront of them and guide them towards Jannah
“..Their light will proceed before them and on their right..”
{Surat At Tahrim 66: Verse 8}
14. All that we are doing is to purify the light of our hearts, the light Allah blessed us with. So we can be light for others and we can enlighten others and guide them towards the right path. The only way to do that is to follow the message of Islam in its totality. Serving and participating in every facet that helps others.
15. The Ultimate goal is the pleasure of Allah subhanahu wata’ala. We will achieve it when we make Allah first and foremost! When Allah azza wa jal is the most important in our lives. That is why we say Takbeer – ALLAH HU AKBAR. What does that mean? It means that there is nothing that I value more than Allah, there is nothing that I cherish more than Allah, there is nothing more important to me than Allah. Not my money, not my life nothing than Allah subhanahu wata’ala.
16. Allah azza wa jal is first and everything comes after.
Warabbaka fakabbir
And your Lord (Allah) magnify!
{Surat Al Muddaththir 74: Verse 3}

 Amazed by The Qur’an 2013 – Ayatun Nur
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan

1. Allah says “mathalu noorihi kamishkat” If you want to understand His light, it is like a niche’ we do not have those in our homes any more. Niche’ is like a dent inside the wall where a lamp is placed that is called Mishkat. Allah is talking about His light and He talks about a wall that has a dent inside of it. In other words Allah is taking you inside a house. Usually these dents are shaped like an “arch”.
2. When a lamps light hits the arch it spreads all over the room. This arch is remarkably similar to the human rib cage. Keep in mind Allah is not talking just about a niche, inside a wall, inside a house. He is also talking about the spiritual house we have inside ourselves.
3. Allah has placed a lamp within that niche – Feeha Misbah. In it there is a device that simulates the morning. That is the literal meaning of the word lamp. Misbah comes from Subh, Subh means morning. Misbah is a device that simulates the morning.
4. This lamp is inside a glass frame. Our scholars derived that the glass around it is our heart itself.
5. Why is the lamp placed in a Niche? Because if you put it in the right place it doesnt just light up the self it lights up beyond the self if one really experiences the light of eeman they are not just going to be benefiting themselves but the light will go beyond themselves. But before it can go beyond it has to reflect and bounce inside you and only then can it reflect properly.
6. The light has to be protected so Allah mentions the glass. Allah doesn’t just give us eeman but He gives us repeated lessons on how to protect our eeman. How our eyes and ears can destroy our eeman. These are all glasses that are protecting our eeman.
7. “azzujajatu kaannaha kawkabun durri” Allah says the glass is like a star and Kaukab is not just any star. Najm is used for just any star. Kaukab is used for extra brilliant, sparkling, twinkling star, the one that sticks out, that is oversized. The glass is like a twinkling star. Durri is translated as something that is overwhelming and in excess. Jamal Advar is used for a Camel who gives a lot of Milk, overly milked. Dur is like a pearl, its sharp, if its light hits you, you might twitch because of its brilliance hitting your eyes.
8. Where do we see Star? In the Sky. When do we see them? At Night. The Ayah begins with day time and now we are in the night time. The times have changed. Allah is creating an image of Night. And we turn on a lamp when its night time.
Ahlul ard yanzuruna illas sama il muta lali’aa
The People of the Earth look up at the sky filled with twinkling stars
Wa Ahlus Samaee yanzuruna ilal ardi muta lali’aa  
The People (The Angels) of the Sky, are looking at the spiritual lights that turn on inside the homes. They are looking at the stars of the Earth.
– Imam Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi
9. This is the reason Allah describes these hearts as “Kaukabun Durri”. These hearts inside us shine so bright that angels up in the 7th heaven can look down and see the lights of hearts twinkling like stars.
10. This lamp gets is fuel from a tree. The tree is outside the house, in other words this heart is fuelled by something from the outside. Meaning Allah puts something in our hearts from something that is outside, it is not ours. This fuel is from the olive tree.
11. The arabic word for oil is Zayt, the arabic word for olive is Zaytun. They say its not real oil if its not Zaytun. The most authentic oil you can have is oil of Zaytun.
12. Allah says this gives the most refined oil you can find. He adds the word Mubaraka – “mubarakatin zaytoona”. Mubarak means blessed. This tree is blessed in that it produces more than you expect. We can’t underestimate this tree it has Barakah. It will surprise us everytime producing more than we expect because it is mubarak. The word “Mubarak” means to produce more good and benefit than expected.
13. Allah is telling us there is something inside us that has the potential that it will surprise even you. Allah has put something inside our hearts that is beyond human expectation. And how high it can rise has not been given a limit. This thing that Allah put inside of us is “Ar Ruh/Noori”. Spiritual Vision was put inside of us. This entire verse is about light and Allah put light deep inside our hearts.
14. What do arabs call Vision? LIGHT. Spiritual Vision was put inside of us and it has incredible potential that cannot be limited to this world. Its light comes from another tree, and this tree is full of mubaraka.
15. “lasharqiyyatin wala gharbiyya” Allah mentions its not from the East or the Weste. Imagine a single Olive tree, it gets the light of Sun on both its sides that is from the east and from the west. And these trees that get light on the both sides every single day produce the best kind of oil. Arabs call these trees daughters of the Sun because at night they do the best job of replacing Sun that is, the oil from these trees produce the best light at night.
16. When one gets exposed to revelation and to the message of Allah and one take it all in, you become filled with light.  When the situation changes and you are in a dark environment, when you are in an evil/corrupt environment, the Sun/light of eeman is not there but you are there and you are fuelled up by that Sun.
17. As humans we gain this light from Halaqas, Online Islamic lectures, from Qur’an, from Salaah from going to the Mosque etc/., and then when we are exposed to dark situations where non Islamic things are happening and where there is fitna and we worry where the light would come from.

ALLAH IS SAYING THE LIGHT WILL COME FROM WITHIN YOU. We are going to be the source of light, we internalized it so much so we can use it during dark times. After all the lamp is only beneficial when things are dark. Its beauty shines during dark times. Our faith is only good when it shines during difficult times.

18. These ayaat should totally change our perspective on how we look at things that are happening and how we deal with them.
19. Your presence should become a source of light for others. Your light should clarify their vision. Your light should make others who would never attend places of light come towards that light.
20. “Yakadu zaytuhayudee-o walaw lam tamsas-hu nar” This oil is so refined its about to light up on its own even though the fire has not touched it. The most refined kind of oils are DESPERATE to catch on fire. They look like they have a life of their own.
 21. The time when we MOST genuinely experience the light of revelation is during Salaah. And relating to this Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said “As salatun Nur – Prayer is light”, it is beautiful how everything in our religion is interconnected. You are literally going to be lit when you make Salaat properly.
22. But what happens when light touches it? Allah gives us just one phrase “NOORUN ALA NOOR”. The english translation is “Light upon Light”. This could mean many things
a) The tree which we learned about and how it gets light on BOTH SIDES = Light Upon Light.
b) How the lamp has an outer glass covering, plus how it lights up = Light Upon Light.
23. The lamp, the niche’, the glass was all about our hearts. If there is light in our hearts and it meets the light of revelation.

When the goodness inside you meets the light of revelation Allah calls it Noorun ala Noor.

24. For a Non Muslim who is morally a good person, who doesn’t believe in backbiting, drinking alcohol and other evils. When the light of revelation touches them an explosion happens “Light Upon Light”. For Muslims this explosion of “Light Upon Light” needs to happen everytime we read Salah/ make Dhikr. The light inside us needs to get stronger.  
25. The Qur’an today we have is in print. But this needs to be imprinted on our hearts, it should live in our hearts. These are ayat that live in the chest of those who have been given knowledge Allah says.

“Rather, the Qur’an is distinct verses [preserved] within the breasts of those who have been given knowledge…”
{Surat Al Ankabut 29: Verse 49}

26. Few ending comments : Surat An Nur consists of according to some Ulema 14 sections. And almost every section has to do with Islamic law. It begins with punishment of fornicator, there are hukums (command) and ahkaams (Law or Ordinance of Shariah) and in the middle there is a passage on light. It tells us that without eeman, faith and spirituality inside of you those laws won’t mean anything to you. We will not be able to see the benefit in them and we will keep stumbling from one sin to another.
Ya Allah let the revelation rest and remain inside our hearts. Ya Allah strengthen our light till we meet THE ULTIMATE LIGHT.
If you have reached this part and are about to close this window without memorizing the Ayaat or delaying it (Shaytan’s best trick) I leave you with few reminders that inshaAllah might make you reconsider your decision.
 “Nothing heals the heart better than the speech of Allah (the Qur`ān), and reflecting upon its āyāt is the first step towards healing your heart.”
— Sheikh Ṣāliḥ al-Mghāmsy

“Whoever does not find delight in the speech of Allah and instead finds it in the speech of people, then surely his knowledge has taken a plunge, his heart has become blind and his life has become wasted.”
– Malik ibn Dinar

When you’re learning the Quran, memorizing it, learning its meaning… even if you find it difficult you must remember that every letter is a victory. ‪#‎aliflaammeem‬
– Ustadh Adam Jamal

References:
1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wn-tpCbaLgo
2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A6I1E3fjAWc
3. http://quran.com/24/35
4. www.sunnah.com
5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hpjuufpCDOI

Notes by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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