Home / Memorize Rabbana Dua 20 – {QUR’AN 7: 23}
So, when the Qur’aan is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy {7:204}

Memorize Rabbana Dua 20 – {QUR’AN 7: 23}

20

Bismillah
Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Transliteration
Rabbana thalamnaanfusana wa-in lam taghfir lana watarhamnalanakoonanna mina alkhasireen

Translation
“Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.”

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
Surah Araf is a pair of Surah Anam and was revealed in the last portion of the Meccan era in which persecution of the Prophet ﷺ and the Sahabah was at its extreme.

We are all familiar with the creation of Adam alaihi salaam and Hawa and the arrogant disobedience of Shaytaan. We find the incident discussed at length in various Suwar (pl. of Surah) in the Qur’an. A superficial reading however cannot do justice to the wealth of wisdom that Allah سبحانه و تعالى has hidden in these verses. Before making the supplication that is contained in verse number 23 of Surah Araf it is critical that we understand the context:

“And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.”
[ Allah ] said, “What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?” [Satan] said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”
[ Allah ] said, “Descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant therein. So get out; indeed, you are of the debased
[Satan] said, “Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.”
[ Allah ] said, “Indeed, you are of those reprieved.”
[Satan] said, “Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.
Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You].”
[ Allah ] said, “Get out of Paradise, reproached and expelled. Whoever follows you among them – I will surely fill Hell with you, all together.”
{Surat Al-‘A`rāf 7: Verses 11-18}

The narrative of our first encounter with Allah, our Beloved Creator and Shaytaan, our arch enemy clearly proves certain truths that are as relevant to us today as on the day Adam alaihi salaam was created.

  • Human beings were honoured in the heavens. We are not the same as animals, rather Allah asked the angels and the Shaytaan to bow down to us so we are inherently capable of goodness and of overcoming the deceit of Shaytaan.
  • Shaytaan lost his position of honor, his seat among the angles, because of his arrogant disobedience.
  • He is literally burning with jealousy and hatred.
  • He was despaired of the mercy of Allah and wants us to be filled with despair as well.
  • He has the audacity to blame Allah سبحانه و تعالى for his own act of disobedience and he vows revenge on the progeny of Adam, whom he also blames for his disgrace.
  • He is devious and patient, a very formidable and evil adversary. He supplicates for reprieve till the Day of Judgement with the nefarious intention of taking us to hell with him. He exploits the human tendency to become hopeless and ungrateful and does not waste his time on those far away from the Striaght Path. He concentrates on those that are trying to get back to Jannah because in his opinion our parents had no right to be there and neither do we.

And “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.”
{Surat Al-‘A`rāf 7: Verse 19}

All the blessings of Jannah were at their feet, no sorrow or grief or fear touched them. They had complete freedom and all their needs were fulfilled without requiring any effort on their part. Clothed in the clothing of Jannah, relishing its exquisite cuisine, they roamed its lush landscape. Allah سبحانه و تعالى told them to go and enjoy it without demanding from them any submission or good deeds. There is no evidence of discord between them so it must truly have been Paradise! Just one tiny condition was placed upon them – “…. do not approach this tree,” as in don’t even think about it.

But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their private parts. He said, “Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal.”
{Surat Al-‘A`rāf 7: Verse 20}

فَوَسْوَسَ (whispered) implies a ‘repetitive, secret or subtle voice’ and literally it refers to ‘the rustling sound of the movement of the leaves caused by the wind.’ Waswasa clearly indicates the stealthy and gradual nature of the whispering of Shaytaan: an idea that appears within your conscience and it is almost indistinguishable from your own thoughts. He did not walk over to them and greet them, “You know me?  I am Shaytaan, the one you could see above the bowing angels. You know, the one Allah warned you about?”

سَوْآَتِهِمَا  is translated as ‘their shame’, ‘their private parts.’ In Sura Maidah verse 31 أَخِيهِ سَوْءَةَ refers to “(the) dead body (of) his brother.”  The dictionary definition is, “Any saying or action of which one is ashamed when it appears. Any disgracing action or thing.” It refers to the removal of their clothing but the wider application is that it refers to any act which exposes our weakness. Shaytaan whispers, deludes and contrives to lure us towards:

  • Indecency and acts that fill us with shame.
  • Losing control and becoming emotional. Any time we erupt in anger, or exaggerate in our conversations or permit our tongues to backbite and slander we have given in to the whispering of Shaytaan
  • Have a bad opinion of Allah سبحانه و تعالى  who already made the Adam alaihi salaam superior to the angels, and yet Shaytaan has the gall to claim that He does not want you to be an angel.

Envy, hatred, anger, despair and ingratitude that leads us to say and do things that humiliate us in the eyes of the people and shame us before our Rubb are all from the whisperings of Shaytaan.

And he swore [by Allah] to them, “Indeed, I am to you from among the sincere advisors.”
{Surat Al-‘A`rāf 7: Verse 21}

So he made them fall, through deception. And when they tasted of the tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten together over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And their Lord called to them, “Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?”
{Surat Al-‘A`rāf 7: Verse 22}

بِغُرُورٍ فَدَلَّاهُمَا which is translated here as, “So he made them fall, through deception” is a much more nuanced term with several shades of meaning. It implies that the process of luring, trickery and entrapment took a while and was done very slowly. ‘Dalwon’ refers to a water bucket and ‘Adla’ means to lower a bucket into a well and fill it up. Like a person draws water from the well, he dropped the bait of immortality and angelic nature to them and slowly, meticulously he pulled them towards the tree.

They ate of the haram, and they were deprived of what had been made halal for them. The way Allah punished the human being was by exposing them, it was an indication of their humiliation. They started layering themselves with the leaves of the trees as a reflex because shame is ingrained in human nature. We are informed a few ayaat later that Allah sent down the clothes to them on Earth as a sign of His Mercy and Forgiveness.

Alhumdolillah, by the mercy of Allah, Adam alihisallam and Hawa foiled the plans of Shaytaan at the last minute and left the door open for their progeny to return to Jannah. They did what Shaytaan could not have imagined-they felt guilty and humiliated. Unlike Shaytaan, they did not respond in rage, hurl accusations at Allah, or despair of His mercy. Instead they were filled with shame and regret and placed their trust in Allah. Impressed by their humility and Tawakkul Allah سبحانه و تعالى  eventually granted them this supplication:

Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
{Surat Al-Baqarah 2: Verse 37}

Rabbana Dua 20 in verse 23 of Sura Araf

They said, “Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.”
{Surat Al-‘A`rāf 7: Verse 23}

Adam alaihi salaam and Hawa trusted the mercy of Allah and were acutely aware of their mistake. They pleaded for forgiveness so that the error could be wiped from their records and they asked for His mercy in order to be allowed to continue to enjoy life. They were humble, but hopeful and positive.

Reflection

  • We cannot afford to accompany Shaytaan down this time around because this time the fall will be into the pit of Hell. May Allah protect us from the fire of Hell.
  • Our life is like a lush garden of halal in which every few minutes we come across a forbidden tree. Every few minutes something pops up on our screens, in our relationships we are challenged and tested, and we are presented with a choice between two actions.
    Should I stay quiet or participate in the gossip?
    Should I say alhumdolillah or complain?
    Should I be patient or retort rudely?
    Each choice is either a victory for us or for Shaytaan. We are either stepping towards the tree or we are resisting the temptation. Our daily choices ultimately become our destiny.
  • There are many Shayateen that come to us swearing of their sincerity that they are our well-wishers and want the best for us, when in fact they are leading us to the fire. In the name of family loyalty, friendship or cultural compliance we follow in the footsteps of Shaytaan.
  • This Rabbana Dua is extremely relevant for us because we are guilty of tasting not one forbidden fruit, but several on a daily basis. It is human to make mistakes, but it is from the Shaytaan to make excuses, complain and blame. The original human way, the way of our parents, is to regret, repent and reform.

References
http://quran.com/
http://www.farhathashmi.com/english-section/tafsir/?giml-id=345
http://www.farhathashmi.com/english-section/tafsir/?giml-id=345

Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

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Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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