Home / Memorize Rabbana Dua 19 – {QUR’AN 5: 114}
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Memorize Rabbana Dua 19 – {QUR’AN 5: 114}

Rabbana Dua 19

Bismillah

Transliteration
Rabbana anzil AAalayna ma-idatan mina assama-itakoonu lana AAeedan li-awwalina waakhirinawaayatan minka warzuqna waanta khayru arraziqeen

Translation
“O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.”

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
Verse 114 of Sura Maidah contains the supplication that Prophet Jesus alahi salaam made upon the request of his companions, the Hawariyoon. The name of the Sura is also derived from this conversation between Prophet Jesus alahi salaam and his companions. Maidah refers simultaneously to the food as well as that on which the food is placed:

[And remember] when the disciples said, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven? [Jesus] said, “Fear Allah , if you should be believers.”
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 112}

These are the believing slaves of Allah that sacrificed and strove in support of their Messenger and suffered severe persecution at the hands of their own community and the Romans. They are acutely aware of the precarious situation they are in, and are seeking some ‘eman reassurance.’ They address him respectfully as “O Jesus, Son of Mary” and because they ascribe no divinity to him, they ask if ‘your Lord’ can send down a table spread with food.

Since the history of the Israilites is replete with impudent requests that they make of their Messengers, Prophet Jesus alaihis salaam initially warns them against making such a demand. They assure him that their request is devoid of impertinence and they merely wish for their hearts to be assured:

They said, “We wish to eat from it and let our hearts be reassured and know that you have been truthful to us and be among its witnesses.”
{ Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 113}

Though initially reluctant, he eventually concedes to their request and supplicates to Allah that a table spread with food should descend from the sky so that they could eat from it.

Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.”
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 114}

According to the majority of the scholars, the feast did indeed descend from the sky and they ate from it. It was however a very risky endeavor, because it was accompanied by a severe warning:

Allah said, “Indeed, I will sent it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you – then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds.”
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 115}

This is no light warning from Allah subhanawatala. It is a direct threat of a punishment administered by Allah Himself. A torture that is unparalleled and unprecedented in the history of the worlds. The intensity of the warning led some of the scholars to believe that the request was taken back.

Reflection

  • Make dua with humility, beware of demanding miracles. While we do not judge the intention of the Hawariyoon, there is an inherent risk of ingratitude in demanding miracles. In this regard the example of the Sahabah is more commendable; even when faced with the most severe persecution and hardship they never demanded miracles from Rasulallah salallahu alaihi wasullum.
  • Nurture Gratitude. We should instead feast our eyes on the majesty of His creation:
    We will show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness?
    {Sura Fussilat 41: Verse 53}
    The entire earth is a table spread with the most delicious of blessings from Allah subhanawatala; a cuisine created by the mutual interaction of the forces of the heavens and the Earth. Each morsel we consume is a miracle and we should appreciate it. The immediate response of Prophet Jesus alaihi salaam, “Fear Allah, if you should be believers” and the intimidating nature of the threat directly from Allah subhanawatala should deter any believer from having the audacity to demand miracles.
  • Judgment is only for Allah. A spotlight is placed upon the Bani Israel in the Qur’an. We are invited to examine their history and their interaction with their Messengers. It is unfair to label and condemn them completely and it is unjust to make them the prime villains in the history of the world. As believers we should have a more nuanced approach; they are responsible for their own actions but we will surely be questioned whether we learned from their mistakes or blindly followed in their footsteps. Their obsessions with food, their demanding and complaining nature, and their attitude of entitlement are all negative traits that our community has clearly adopted.

We ask Allah subhanawatala to grant us Rizq and we accept with extreme humility that indeed He alone is the Provider:

“…And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.”

We implore that He grants us safe passage to Paradise where His pleasure is guaranteed, so that inshallah when the Maidah is placed before us we can enjoy it without apprehension. Wouldn’t you agree that the food of Jannah is best enjoyed in Jannah itself?

References
http://www.bayyinah.tv/
http://www.islamawareness.net/Dua/rabbana.html
http://quran.com/5/111-117
http://www.tadabbur-i-quran.org/text-of-tadabbur-i-quran/volume-2/urdu-surah-madiah-3/55/
http://ia700803.us.archive.org/27/items/InTheShadeOfTheQuranSayyidQutb/Volume_4_surah_5.pdf, http://www.farhathashmi.com/

Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

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Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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