Home / Memorize Rabbana Dua 18 – {QUR’AN 5:83}
Peace be upon you for what you patiently endured. And excellent is the final home. [13;24]

Memorize Rabbana Dua 18 – {QUR’AN 5:83}

Rabbana Dua 18

Bismillah

Transliteration
Rabbanaamanna faktubna maAAa ashshahideen

Translation
Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
Rabban Dua #18, which is located in verse 83 of Surat Al-Mā’idah is conveyed to us on the lips of those that called themselves the ‘Nasara’. Surat Al-Mā’idah is a Madani Sura though portions of it were revealed in Mecca after the Farewell Hajj and it was revealed after Sura Fath.

Al-Hakim narrated that Jubayr bin Nufayr said, “I performed Hajj once and visited `A’ishah and she said to me, `O Jubayr! Do you read (or memorize) Al-Ma’idah ‘ I answered `Yes.’ She said, `It was the last Surah to be revealed. Therefore, whatever permissible matters you find in it, then consider (treat) them permissible. And whatever impermissible matters you find in it, then” consider (treat) them impermissible.”’
(Ibn Kathir)

Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Feast) outlines the regulations of lawful and unlawful food, hunting for food during the pilgrimage, respect for the rites of Hajj, the pledges that Allah subhanawatala took from the Jews and the Christians and their relationship with the Muslims, and finally the concluding verses speak of the Hereafter and the verdict of the Messenger’s on their communities behaviors.
(M.A.S. Abdel Haleem)

Reflection
The Prophet salalaahu alaihi wasullum and the Sahabah had to deal with three main groups of people: the Jews, the Christians and the Polytheist. Even though the Jews were the recipients of a holy Book and numerous Messengers, and were residing in Madina awaiting the arrival of the last Messenger, the vast majority of them allied themselves with the Mushrikeen of Mecca and plotted against the Muslims. Interactions between the Muslims and the Christians, on the other hand, were far more amicable:

“You will surely find the most intense of the people in animosity toward the believers [to be] the Jews and those who associate others with Allah ; and you will find the nearest of them in affection to the believers those who say, “We are Nasara.” That is because among them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant.”
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 82}

An-Najashi of Abyssinia extended his protection to the group of Sahabah that sought asylm in his kingdom and according to Sa`id bin Jubayr, As-Suddi and others it is said that these Ayat were revealed in relation to a delegation that An-Najashi sent to the Prophet in order to hear his words. When the delegation met with the Prophet salallahu alaihi wasullum, he recited the Quran to them and they wept profusely and immediately entered the fold of Islam.

And when they hear what has been revealed to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they have recognized of the truth. They say, “Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.”
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 83}

This verse applies to the original ‘Nasara’ as well as to anyone in the later generations that matches their description. Have you met one of them? What are their defining characteristics?

  • Their hearts are inclined towards the original message brought by Prophet Jesus/Isa alaihi salam and they have always struggled with the concept of trinity and ‘son of God’ etc.
  • They are very compassionate and spend their time serving others, volunteering, offering advice and working towards the greater social good.
  • Allah subhanawatala mentions that there are priests and monks among them; they are involved in worship and sincere devotion at an individual level.
  • “They are not arrogant.”
  • They recognize the status of those that have devoted their lives to the Truth and aspire to be included in their company. “Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.”
  • When they recognize the truth they do not offer hollow excuses and persist in disobedience instead you find their eyes overflowing with tears and they immediately and whole-heartedly accept it.

فَاضَ means ‘It (water) overflowed; poured out; or forth from fullness.’ One of the meanings of فَىْضٌ is the “the eye flowed (with tears)” It would have been to sufficient to say ‘their eyes overflowed’, but those tears are so beloved to Allah subhanawatala that he mentions them twice, “you see their eyes overflowing with tears.” These are tears of joy, of recognition, of a reunion with the one whom they knew from their Books and loved even before they saw him. They are also tears that poured forth from a feeling of intense gratitude; tears that made those eyes worthy of gazing upon the rivers of Paradise. With their faces glowing with those precious tears they pleaded, “Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.”

What if we were judged on the quality of our tears? There are 3 types of tears: basal, reflex and emotional and subhanallah, every single tear looks different when magnified and analyzed. How often do we cry when we read the Book of Allah, or listen to its recitation? Or when we read something poignantly beautiful in the Sunnah? How many times have you and I cried because our hearts were brimming over with gratitude or we remembered Allah in solitude? By comparison, how often do we cry with frustration, regret, anger and grief? Or sob simply from wallowing in self-pity? Even their tears were inscribed with the love of Allah and His Messenger. Sadly, our tears testify most frequently to our ingratitude.

They conclude their supplication with the astute reflection and request:

“And why should we not believe in Allah and what has come to us of the truth? And we aspire that our Lord will admit us [to Paradise] with the righteous people.”
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 84}

They state the truth as something obvious and logical as if to question anyone who would disbelieve. In the dunya and in the akhira they seek recognition and approval in the company of the righteous. This naturally translates to the pleasure of Allah and His Jannah. Allah subhanawatala grants them the status of muhsineen and accepts their supplication.

So Allah rewarded them for what they said with gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. And that is the reward of doers of good (muhsineen).
{Surat Al-Mā’idah 5: Verse 85}

Reflection

  • We will shed tears when we meet our Messenger salallahu alaihi wasullum, inshallah by Kauther. Will they be tears of regret and shame as we are led away or will they be tears of joy is up to our actions and intentions in this world?
  • Clichéd but true: pick the right(eous) friends. It is not possible that those who are humble before Allah chose the company of those that are arrogantly disobedient. Would you like to accompany them to their everlasting destination? If not, part company now before it’s too late.
  • The Shaytaan deceives us, and we fall into one of two traps: either we believe that our names are already written with the righteous because we have pronounced the shahada even if by our actions we have betrayed it. Or we consider ourselves sinful beyond reprieve and repentance so we mentally remove ourselves from any list where the names of the Sahabah and righteous are written. There must be neither presumption of piety nor debilitating despair, rather firm conviction (Eman), diligence in acts of Ihsaan and an ardent desire to remain in the company of the devoutly obedient.

May Allah grant acceptance to our supplications and write our names with those that are witness to the truth and grant us their company in the Hereafter. Ameen. Please understand and memorize the supplication and share with your friends and family.

References

  • http://quran.com/
  • http://www.farhathashmi.com/
  • http://www.bayyinah.tv/
  • http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=832&Itemid=60#1
  • http://www.tadabbur-i-quran.org/text-of-tadabbur-i-quran/
  • http://www.tafheem.net/tafheem.html
  • http://www.sunnah.com/riyadussaliheen/1/376
  • http://www.rose-lynnfisher.com/tears.html

Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

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Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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