Home / Memorize Rabbana Dua 17 – {QUR’AN 3:193}
No matter how pretty your face is, you will still be the food of worms. So set aside your arrogance.

Memorize Rabbana Dua 17 – {QUR’AN 3:193}

Rabbana Dua 17

Bismillah

Transliteration
Rabbana waatina mawaAAadtana AAala rusulika wala tukhzinayawma alqiyamati innaka la tukhlifu almeeAAad

Translation
Our Lord, and grant us what You promised us through Your messengers and do not disgrace us on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, You do not fail in [Your] promise.”

Audio – Reciter (Saad Al Ghamadi)

Explanation
Rabbana Dua #17 concludes the set of supplications that come at the end of Surat ‘Āli `Imrān.

Our Lord…

The repetition of ‘Our Lord’ adds sweetness and intimacy to the entire supplication of the ‘people of understanding’.

…grant us what You promised us through Your messengers…

Here they mention the ‘Messengers’ which connect them to Allah subhanawatala. They had reached the limits of their intellectual capability of cognizance of the Creator and could not have ascended to any further spiritual heights without the guidance of revelation. And when they heard the revelation upon the lips of the Prophets it reaffirmed and strengthened their faith. While we are humbled by their insight, we are awed by their humility. Our complacence about the Hereafter is in stark contrast to their apprehension about it. They are oblivious of their own intellectual and spiritual accomplishments and are consumed by fear that their sins will lead them to humiliation in the Hereafter. They implore for forgiveness, departure from this world in the company of the righteous, an honorable resurrection and eternity in the company of the Abraar.

“…Indeed, You do not fail in [Your] promise.”

This is the concluding statement of their supplication and it is a powerful end to an extremely potent dua that was immediately answered.

In Surat An-Nisā’ also we are assured,

“… [It is] the promise of Allah , [which is] truth, and who is more truthful than Allah in statement.”
{Surat An-Nisā’ 4: Verse 122}

Their words highlight their immutable trust in Allah subhanawatala and the Prophets and in the Message that they brought. Their trust is absolute and they are absolutely faithful to it. They know for a fact that it is contrary to the Majesty of Allah to deceive His creation. Neither do they ascribe to the Messengers any guile or exaggeration. Their contemplation and remembrance leads them to the conclusion that the creation of the heavens and the earth is Haqq (truth) and the Messenger and everything he brought is also Haqq (truth).

While fearful of their sins, they are hopeful of receiving what is promised to the believers:

“Allah has promised the believing men and believing women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allah is greater. It is that which is the great attainment.”
{Surat At-Tawbah 9: Verse 72}

“…and do not disgrace us on the Day of Resurrection.”

In addition they are afraid of the public disgrace of the Day of Judgment. They are also horrified at the thought that their embarrassing misdeeds might be uncovered in front of the Messengers.

Such were the beloved slaves of Allah. These were their supplications:

… “Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.
Our Lord, indeed whoever You admit to the Fire – You have disgraced him, and for the wrongdoers there are no helpers.
Our Lord, indeed we have heard a caller calling to faith, [saying], ‘Believe in your Lord,’ and we have believed.
Our Lord, so forgive us our sins and remove from us our misdeeds and cause us to die with the righteous.
Our Lord, and grant us what You promised us through Your messengers and do not disgrace us on the Day of Resurrection.
Indeed, You do not fail in [Your] promise.”
{Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3: Verses 191-194}

Reflection:

It is remarkable that in the set of supplications from verse 191 to 194, Jannah (Paradise) is not mentioned a single time. Hellfire is mentioned twice and disgrace and humiliation on the Day of Judgment is mentioned twice. Earlier in Surat ‘Āli `Imrān Allah subhanawatala informs us:

“Every soul will taste death, and you will only be given your [full] compensation on the Day of Resurrection. So he who is drawn away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise has attained [his desire]. And what is the life of this world except the enjoyment of delusion.”
{Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3: Verse 185}

Even though they do not mention Jannah, Allah subhanawatala responds to their supplication by mentioning the infinite bounties of Jannah alone. With great humility
they had asked, “We have believed” so please forgive us. Allah subhanawatala does not respond OK you have your wish; you are forgiven! Rather He calls them AAmilin (men and women that worked for the deen with full, sincere intention) and lists their many sacrifices and gives them a definite guarantee of Paradise:

“…So those who emigrated or were evicted from their homes or were harmed in My cause or fought or were killed – I will surely remove from them their misdeeds, and I will surely admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow as reward from Allah , and Allah has with Him the best reward.”
{Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3: Verse 195}

We can only wonder at the purity of their intentions and the lofty status of their deeds that Allah subhanawatala chose to list them for us. Truly a beautiful acceptance to a beautiful supplication. There are vast oceans of meaning contained in these verses. I have humbly tried to highlight a few points of reflection and action. Please indulge in an individual study of these concluding verses by listening to a scholarly analysis and consulting various renowned tafaseer.

I hope and pray that Allah subhana watala will enable us to benefit from contemplating and memorizing these supplications and that He will forgive me for my shortcomings and mistakes.

References

  • http://quran.com/
  • Bayyinah TV http://www.bayyinah.tv/sp/9942-bayyinah-tv
  • http://www.farhathashmi.com/
  • Tadabburi Quran http://www.tadabbur-i-quran.org/text-of-tadabbur-i-quran/

Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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