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"For every people (nation) there is a feast, and this is our feast (Eid).

10 Things You Need To Know About Eid-ul-Fitr

Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
”My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

EID…The word itself brings a smile on the face of every Muslim. After a month of fasting and intense spiritual renewal and conscience building, the most awaited occasion by the Muslims is that of Eid.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said to Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه): “For every people (nation) there is a feast, and this is our feast (Eid).
[Bukhari, Muslim]

The messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said this about these two “Eids” after he saw how the two feasts that people of Madinah used to celebrate from before Islam:

“Almighty Allah has given you (Muslims) something better than those (feasts), “Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha”
[Abu-Dawood, Ahmad]

Eid Ul Adha is celebrated after Hajj. Eid ul Fitr is celebrated after the month of fasting i.e Ramadan, on the 1st of Shawwal. Its significance is purely spiritual. It is the day when the Muslims thank Allah for having given them the will, the strength and the endurance to observe fast and obey His commandments during the holy month of Ramadan. This day, in Muslim world, brings rejoicing and happiness. The rejoicing is not, however, at the departure of the month of Ramadan, because it is on this day that the strict restrictions and prohibitions of the Ramadan are lifted.

Although it’s a day of complete rejoicing, care should be taken that we do not follow the kuffar and mushrik in any way. Nor should we participate in their festivals.  

‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) said: “Do not learn the language of the Mushriks – without a necessity- nor enter the churches of Mushriks on their festivals because the anger of Allah descends on them.”

Also care should be taken that it has no sort of biddah (innovation) in it.  

Ibn Taymiyah says: “There is no place in the heart for both Sunnah and Bid’ah.”

Other than following kuffars and innovations, according to some, this resumption of the normal activities is misinterpreted as a license to indulge in activities prohibited in Islam, like gambling, etc. This difference in celebration of Eid indirectly creates differences among Muslims. Our religion calls towards One Lord and encourages unity.

In the Holy Qur’an, Allah Taa’la says:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعاً لَسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ
“Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you (O Muhammad, PBUH) have no concern in them in the least. Their affair is only with Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do.” 

{ Surah Al-An’am 4: Ayaah 159 }

Elsewhere in the Holy Quran, Allah Taa’la mentions:

وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعاً وَلا تَفَرَّقُوا
“And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves…”  
{Surah Aal-Imran 3 : Ayaah 103}

How can unity be achieved??
For creating unity it’s best to adhere to the Qur’an and the Sunnah of Our Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم). Sunnahs of Eid will create unity, peace and harmony among Muslims.

So my Dear Readers, mentioned below are some of the sunnahs of Eid:

  1. Best Clothes: Its sunnah to dress in ones best available clothes. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and the Companions (رضي الله عنهم) use to do so.
    [Fath Al Baree]
  2. Eid Prayer: It is obligatory (wajib) to offer the Eid prayer. Rasool (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and His Companions themselves prayed it and also encouraged children.
    [Bukhari, Muslim]
  3. Open Prayer Area: It is sunnah to pray Eid prayer in an open area rather than a masjid. Abu Sa’eed (رضي الله عنه) reported: “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to go on the day of Eid -al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adhaa to the Musallah ( i.e. an uncovered place), and the first thing he did was to pray.”
    [Bukhari and Muslim]
  4. To eat something before Eid prayer: To consume dates or something sweet before leaving for Eid Prayer to show that we are not fasting. It has been mentioned that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم )used not to leave for the Eid Prayer except after consuming some dates. [Bukhari]
  5. To chose different path: Jabir (رضي الله عنه) reported: “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to come back from ‘Eid-al-Fitr on a path other than the one used in going to it.” [Bukhari]. Also that it is preferable to walk to the Eid Salaah except if you are disabled, or the mosque is too far; then you can use transport.
  6. Reciting the Takbeer: It is Sunnah to say Takbeer loudly when leaving our homes to go to Eid Prayer . The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to say this until he finished the Prayer. [Silsilat Al-ahadeeth As-Sunnah].  Theres no hadith as to what exactly Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to recite, but according to [Ibn Abee Shaybah] Abdullah Ibn Masood (رضي الله عنه)  used to recite the following:
  7. No Azaan/Iqamah: No Azaan or Iqamah to be recited for the Eid Prayer.
  8. Recreation: It is permitted to listen to songs (without music) on Eid day especially for children.
    [Bukhari and Muslim]
  9. Dua on Eid :  Although there’s no particular dua that Prophet Muhammad  ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) gave to others but its known thorugh Jabir Ibn Husayr  (رحمه الله) who said: When the Companions met on the day of Eid, they would say to each other تَقَبَّلَ اللّهُ مِنَّ وَ مِنْكُمْ(May Allah accept from us and you).
    [Al Mahamiliyyat; hasan isnad ]
  10. No Prayer before or after Eid: “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) prayed two Raka’ahs for the Eid prayer and did not pray before it or after it.” [Bukhari]


Although unity is not easy to build nor can it be done in one single day, inshaAllah Eid can be a starting point. You could do the following:

  • Smile: Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) said that even smiling is charity [ fiqh us sunnah ]. Begin the day with a smile and happy attitude. Don’t limit your smile only for your family and friends, rather smile at everyone (men to men and ladies to ladies and mehrams).
  • Greetings: Greet others with salaam, to all those present in the prayer area. Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was asked what aspect of Islam was the best, and he said: You should provide food and greet both those you know and those you do not. [Bukhari, Muslim]
  • Chocolates: Children love chocolates or sweets, remember to carry some chocolates for the little kids out there.
  • Talking Good: Make a resolution that you will speak only good, say no to back biting and gossips.
  • Dua: Make sincere dua for the unity of Muslims, you could also ask your imam to do so.
  • Events: Attend the events of other communities too like Eid luncheon or dinner.
  • Needy: We can be generous to the poor and needy around us so that they can also celebrate their Eid nicely. As we all know “sharing is caring”. Sharing is a means of increasing blessings and mercy of Allah Taa’la.

I personally am very excited for Ramadan as it’s a big opportunity to actually repent and reform and also to train self towards patience and righteousness and leave the wrong and evils. May Allah bless us with the opportunity to reach Ramadan in the state of iman, goodness and health Ameen. And then in sha Allah to celebrate Eid in a good way. I plan to spend Eid with my family and friends in my hometown (India) and encourage them to follow Sunnah as people back home don’t know much about it and are very much influenced by the Hindu culture. Also just like people make New Year resolutions, I will try to stick to my routine of Ramadan as much as I can. This Eid is also special for me as this time I will consciously try to contribute my level best in spreading love, smiles, happiness and encouraging unity as much as I can In sha Allah….

As I take your leave my Dear Readers, I pray that Allah Taa’la blesses us with the opportunity reach this Ramadan and try our level best to attain His pleasure and mercy. May He wash away all our sins (ones done intentionally and those by mistake) and may we emerge out as polished and better Muslims. May Allah guide us to be sincere and pious thorough out the year just like we are in Ramadan. And may He accept our sincere worship and strivings. And…. May you all have a joyous and a very happy Eid Ameen…

Wishing you all a blessed Ramadan and a very happy Eid in advance. Take care !!

Authored by Ambreen Khan
Edited by Noorain Fathima

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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