Home / Memorize Rabbana Dua 13 – {Qur’an 3:191}
He gave you hearing (ears), sight (eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give! (32:9)

Memorize Rabbana Dua 13 – {Qur’an 3:191}

Rabbana Dua 13

Transliteration
Allatheena yathkuroona Allahaqiyaman waquAAoodan waAAala junoobihimwayatafakkaroona fee khalqi assamawati wal-ardirabbana ma khalaqta hatha batilan subhanakafaqina AAathaba annar

Translation
Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.
{Surah Al Imran 3 : Verse 191}

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
The Prophet salallahu alaihi wasullum described Surat Baqarah and Surat ‘Āli `Imrān as “two clouds, two shades or two lines of birds on the Day of Resurrection” that “will argue on behalf of their people on that Day.” Just as the concluding verses of Surat Baqarah have a special significance, the last ten verses of Surat ‘Āli `Imrān are exquisite and extraordinary in their content and it is imperative for a believer to recite them, reflect upon them and incorporate them into his daily routine just as Rasullallah salallahu alaihi wasullum did.

The next five Rabbana supplications are contained in these last ten verses.

Ayesha radiallahu anha relates to us when these verses were revealed: Ibn Marduwyah recorded that `Ata’ said, “I, Ibn `Umar and `Ubayd bin `Umayr went to `A’ishah and entered her room, and there was a screen between us and her. She said, `O `Ubayd! What prevents you from visiting us’ He said, `What the poet said, `Visit every once in a while, and you will be loved more.’ Ibn `Umar said, `Tell us about the most unusual thing you witnessed from the Messenger of Allah.’ She cried and said, `All his matters were amazing. On night, he came close to me until his skin touched my skin and said, `Let me worship my Lord.’ I said, `By Allah I love your being close to me. I also love that you worship your Lord.’ He used the water-skin and performed ablution, but did not use too much water. He then stood up in prayer and cried until his beard became wet. He prostrated and cried until he made the ground wet. He then laid down on his side and cried. When Bilal came to alert the Prophet for the Dawn prayer, he said, `O Messenger of Allah! What makes you cry, while Allah has forgiven you your previous and latter sins’ He said, O Bilal! What prevents me from crying, when this night, this Ayah was revealed to me: Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.”

It was his habit to recite these verses when he would wake up for the night prayer.

Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu narrates: One night I stayed overnight in the house of my aunt Maymoonah, and said to myself, “I will watch the prayer of Allah’s Apostle.” My aunt placed a cushion for Allah’s Apostle and he slept on it in its length-wise direction and woke-up rubbing the traces of sleep off his face and then he recited the last ten verses of Surah Al-e-Imran till he finished it. Then he went to a hanging water skin and took it, performed the ablution and then stood up to offer the prayer.
[Full hadith found in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Why did he weep so profusely upon receiving these verses? What is so special about these verses that Rasulallah salallahu alaihi wasullum would recite them immediately upon waking up?

“Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding.”
(Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3: Verse 190)

Deep within each and every human soul resides the connection with its Rubb.

Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His [created] soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.
(Surat As-Sajdah 32: Verse 9)

The memory of that sublime encounter with the Divine is the essence of our fitrah (innate character) so that we recognize Allah and we love Him even though we are currently trapped in our human forms and destined to spend a portion of our existence on this earth. This natural fitrah is either perverted by the influence of society or it is awakened from its slumber by reflection and revelation.

There are people that walk on the face of this earth with their eyes open but with blind hearts and then there are those mentioned in these verses who perceive with insight everything in Allah’s creation. The word ‘ayat’ is translated as ‘sign’ or ‘verse’ depending upon the context. The ‘ayaat’ remind us of that which is already embedded deep in the human conscience: that Allah subhanawatala originated the creation of this perfect Universe and that it has a moral purpose behind it. The ‘lubb’ or ‘essence’ of a human being is his intellect. By using this faculty of intellect the ‘people of understanding’ observe, reflect and correctly conclude that Allah is their Rubb.

It is difficult to describe this feeling. It is not an ‘Ahaa!’ moment when a light bulb goes off in your head. Neither is it a dry intellectual and logical exercise. Rather it can be described as a moment of sublime awareness when one feels enveloped by His Love and overwhelmed by His Mercy. The believers are overcome by an irresistible desire to declare their gratitude and upon further reflection they conclude:

“Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.”
(Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3: Verse 191)

When their Dhikr (remembrance) is combined with fikr (reflection) they are reminded that there is purpose and meaning behind the creation of this vast universe. Their hearts fall into a state of perpetual prostration and their limbs follow suit. Rasulallah salallahu alaihi wasullum was so overwhelmed by these verses of Surat ‘Āli `Imrān that that he “stood up in prayer and cried until his beard became wet. He prostrated and cried until he made the ground wet. He then laid down on his side and cried.”

Nothing is mundane for those that perceive the world with insight. Every sunrise and every sunset fills them with humility and awe. The alternation of hardship and ease, happiness and grief are from the seasons to celebrate the Mercy of Allah through patience and gratitude. It would be blasphemous to claim that Allah subhanawatala would create this intricate elaborate Universe and equip man with intellect and emotions for no reason whatsoever. Even us lowly human beings do everything for a reason. Allah subhanawatala is far removed from such frivolity.

But you might turn around and say, “The world is not perfect. Look at all the corruption, the destruction of habitats, war, ethnic cleansing etc.” The people of understanding are not blind to the reality of injustice around them and so the ayat concludes with the affirmation of the hereafter, “then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.”

Reflection

  • On a journey Urwah ibn az-Zubayr’s leg had to be amputated and his son Muhammad was kicked to death by a mule and ‘Urwah was not heard to say anything about it but: “‘We have suffered much fatigue in this, our journey.’ [Al-Qur’an 18:62]. O Allah, I had seven sons and You took one and left me with six, and I had four limbs and You took one and left me with three – so if You have tested me then You have saved me, and if You have taken – You have left (more) behind.”
    [Ibn ‘Asakir (11/287)] We read about the incredible sacrifices the Sahabah made for the deen and their extraordinary capacity for patience and we are left amazed by it. Where did they get their extraordinary courage from? They truly recognized the immense favors of Allah subhanawatala and were constantly immersed in a state of gratitude. They were flesh and bones like us and walked the earth as we do but they had insight and wisdom while we are shortsighted and impatient.
  •  We know that Rasulallah salallahu alaihi wasullum loved Ayesha but how he expressed his love reflects the incredible nobility of his character. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alaihi wasullum , who has been commanded by Allah to pray Qiyam ul layl, asks his wife’s permission before he stands up to pray to his Rubb! Was he required to seek her permission? No. Would she have forbidden him from praying? Certainly not. Yet he asked. Thousands of years removed from them, we are still awed by the subtle sweetness of those words. Blessed are we to have a Messenger who was so incredibly merciful, humble and affectionate. As we contemplate the vast expanse of this Universe and reflect upon the ayaat of the Quran, we deserve to shed more tears then Rasulallah salallahu alaihiwasullum because we have the added honor of belonging to the Ummat of the most honorable Messenger.

 References

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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2 comments

  1. is this project no longer in action anymore ?? last post was made on

    February 25, 2014. What happened 🙁

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