Home / Memorize Rabbana Dua 10 – {Qur’an 3:16}
Don't fear the enemy who may attack, fear the fake friend who still hugs.

Memorize Rabbana Dua 10 – {Qur’an 3:16}

Transliteration
Rabbanainnana amanna faghfir lana thunoobanawaqina AAathaba annar

Translation
Our Lord, indeed we have believed, so forgive us our sins and protect us from the punishment of the Fire.
{Surat Al Imran 3: Verse 16}

Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)

Explanation
This Rabbana Dua is verse number 16 of Surah Al-Imran. It appears to be a simple supplication for forgiveness and protection from the fire but when it is read within the context of the verses that precede it and come after it, one speechlessly surrenders to the sublime majesty of the Quran.

 “Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire – of women and sons, heaped-up sums of gold and silver, fine branded horses, and cattle and tilled land. That is the enjoyment of worldly life, but Allah has with Him the best return.”
(Surat Al-Imran 3: Verse 14)

Allah subhanawatala informs us of the desires that naturally reside in the human soul: for women, sons, hordes of wealth, beautiful means of transportation, cattle and property. But He dismisses them as ‘mat’aa’ meaning that which is the paltry, temporary enjoyment of this fleeting life. On the other hand with Allah is the best return.

The question might arise in your mind, “Why were these desires placed in us to begin with? Why has the world been made so beautiful and full of temptation?” The answer is that Allah subhanawatala has provided us this dunya and the opportunity to live, simply as a means to attain that which is ‘better’.

Say, “Shall I inform you of [something] better than that? For those who fear Allah will be gardens in the presence of their Lord beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and purified spouses and approval from Allah . And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants –
(Surat Al-Imran 3: Verse 15)

No pleasure of this world will satiate the human soul. Because each item that brings joy soon becomes stale and old. The vegetation will wither and die. Each day some will make their fortune while others will be ruined. Those that we love will betray us, or hurt us and in the end either they leave us or we leave them. The grave accommodates only a single soul. But the delights and pleasure of Paradise are everlasting and complete.

The luscious rivers, the purified spouses are joys worth striving for but for a believer the ultimate, incomparable pleasure, the epitome of success is to meet Allah subhanawatala and to know that he/she is loved by the Creator for all eternity.

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Allah, the Rubb of honour and glory, will say to the inhabitants of Jannah: ‘O inhabitants of Jannah!’ They will respond: ‘Here we are! At Your service, O our Rubb. All good is in Your Hand!’ He will ask them: ‘Are you pleased?’ They will reply: ‘Why should we not be pleased, O Rubb, when You have given us what You have not given to any of Your creatures?’ Allah will say: ‘Shall I not give you something better than that?’ They will ask: ‘O Rubb! What can be better than that?’ Allah will say: ‘I shall bestow My Pleasure upon you and I shall never be displeased with you.”‘

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

‘Those who fear Allah’ do not forsake their desires. Nor are they required to feel guilty for having natural inclinations for worldly success. But they will not acquire or use any of the blessings of this world in a manner that will jeopardize their Akhira. The pleasures of this world does not distract them from the remembrance of Allah.

Those who say, “Our Lord, indeed we have believed, so forgive us our sins and protect us from the punishment of the Fire,”
(Surat Al-Imran 3: Verse 16)

They strive to please their Rubb but are always acutely aware of their own shortcomings. Their eman humbles them and protects them from hypocrisy and riya. False pretentions of piety do not blind them to their own faults. They perpetually declare their faith and beg for forgiveness and protection from the fire of Hell.

Reflection
Who are these people? Allah subhanawatala could have just given us this supplication but instead He chose in His infinite wisdom to inform us to pray as these people pray. They have some very special, unique characteristics. As we read the next ayat we should look at it as a checklist for ourselves. How many of these characteristics do I have in my personality?

The patient, the true, the obedient, those who spend [in the way of Allah], and those who seek forgiveness before dawn.
(Surat Al-Imran 3: Verse 17)

  1. Assabireen (the patient) – Are we patient in acts of obedience, persistent in protecting ourselves from sin, and do we accept our fate without regret and complaints?
  2. Sadiqeen(the true) – Are we truthful with Allah, with ourselves, and with our family and friends? Are we free of the stain of hypocrisy? Are we trustworthy in our words and deeds?
  3. Qaniteen(the obedient) – Are we humble and steadfast in obedience?
  4. Munfiqeen (those who spend) – Do we spend with moderation, avoiding stinginess and wastefulness? Have we spent on those whom we are obligated to spend upon: parents, relatives, orphans, travelers and needy? Or are we like the people mentioned in verse 14 who are only interested in hording wealth?
  5. Mustaghfireenabil-ashar (those who seek forgiveness before dawn) – Are we fearful and anxious of our own sins and shortcomings? Does sleep elude us and every night we pull ourselves away from the warmth of our beds to remember Allah subhanawatala in the hours before dawn? Is asking for forgiveness even a part of our daily routine?

As you and I make this journey through the Rabbana Duas our character and habits should transform dramatically. In the rabid routines of our lives we continue from one day to the next under the presumption of piety: “I am good enough for Jannat. Of course I will not enter the fire. There are so many people worse than me…at least I pray and fast.”

But when Allah speaks of His beloved slaves (those whose supplications were answered) a spotlight falls upon us and all our faults and shortcomings are suddenly visible. May Allah grant us the ability and the time to purify our souls so that we can become the people that are described in this verse, inshallah.

References

Authored by Sabeen Mansoori ♦ To Read more about the Author CLICK HERE
Edited by Shamsiya Noorul Quloob ♦ To Read more about the Editor CLICK HERE

Prophet Muhammad - "Convey (knowledge) from me even if it is just one ayah" [Bukhari 3461]

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