Rabbana wajAAalnamuslimayni laka wamin thurriyyatina ommatanmuslimatan laka waarina manasikana watubAAalayna innaka anta attawwabu arraheem
Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
(Surat Al Baqarah 2: Verse 128)
Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)
This dua is verse number 128 of Surat Baqarah. A brief introduction for Surat Baqarah has been included with the first Rabbana Dua.
This is the second part of the dua that Prophet Ibraheem and Prophet Ismail alaihis salaam made while building the Kaabah. As we envision the physical structure of the Kaabah and its geographical location, we also need to align the words of the dua to a specific place and time. Their physical location is in Surah Baqarah and their chronological location is at a specific time in the life of Prophet Ibraheem and Prophet Ismail alaihi salaam. A few verses earlier we are informed that Prophet Ibraheem requested that all his descendants be righteous and the response he received from Allah was, “My covenant does not include the wrongdoers” (2:124).
He then requested that only the righteous residents of the city should receive provision but Allah subhanawatala responded that even the disbelievers will receive the frugal bounty of this dunya. The preceding verses have made it clear that Prophet Ibrahem alaihis salaam is a Prophet of great vision, insight and remarkable humility. He does not exult with pride when Allah grants him the leadership of the people (2:124).
And [mention, O Muhammad], when Abraham was tried by his Lord with commands and he fulfilled them. [ Allah ] said, “Indeed, I will make you a leader for the people.” [Abraham] said, “And of my descendants?” [ Allah ] said, “My covenant does not include the wrongdoers.”
(Surat Al Baqarah 2:124)
He does not selfishly take the status granted to him and say, let me just finish building the Kaabah and grab my guaranteed place in Paradise and why should I care about anyone else. Allah has already informed me that not all my descendants are going to be blessed. Instead he builds the house with his son Ismail alaihis salaam and includes him in his dua: “Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission]…” Who could be more submissive to the Will of Allah than Ibraheem alaihis salaam and Ismail alaihis salaam? Subhanallah, they still ask for the honor of more servitude.
He then continues and humbly requests that if not all his descendants then at least a portion of them should be righteous. He asks Allah subhana wata’aala for a Muslim nation to arise from his descendants; a group of people from his progeny that will submit their will to the Will of the Creator: “…and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You.”
He continues by asking for the requisite knowledge required for proper worship: how, when and where to worship. The rituals of our deen are as Allah has described them and the Messengers have taught us. We do not invent new methods to love Allah, when Allah said love me this way. We can never truly worship Allah as He deserves to be worshipped, so repentance is always necessary “…And show us our rites and accept our repentance.”
Allah subhanawatala does not turn away His repentant slaves, regardless of how many times they make mistakes and return to Him: “Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.”
The Messengers did not have bad deeds interfering with the acceptance of their good deeds and yet they made istaghfaar. It is an undeniable reality that we are in dire need of constant repentance. Repentance from the acts of disobedience and repentance because our acts of obedience are tainted. We have indulged in backbiting while fasting and performing Hajj. We rarely have khusho in our salaat and after giving charity we are overcome with a false sense of ‘holiness/piety’.
We look into the faces of our children and possibly grandchildren and include them in our prayers but it is unlikely that we would have prayed for a pious progeny if Prophet Ibraheem alaihis sallam had not reminded us in this dua. It was his far sightedness that he stood amongst the desert sands and prayed for an entire ummah of righteous descendants. The winds must have whispered the labbayk that was to resound in the then barren valley of Mecca. We are his spiritual descendants and the result of this dua just as Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasullum was the direct result of the acceptance of his next dua.
Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
(Surat Al Baqarah 2:129)
His vision and deep insight also broadens the horizons of our spirituality and infuses our life with purpose. With this dua we can simultaneously reach into the past and claim Ibraheem alaihis salaam as our role model as well as peer into the distant future and envision our descendants practicing and propagating the deen inshallah better than we have.
The supplication of Prophet Ibraheem alaihis salaam is especially relevant to us today. We have either migrated to foreign lands or the culture of foreign lands and their ideas are pouring into our homes through the media. If ever there was a generation that needed the dua of Prophet Ibraheem, it is our generation. Please memorize and reflect upon this Rabbana dua and share it with others.
Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.