Faith- Iman- means to believe in the heart, to confess by the tongue and to act with the parts of the body. Muslims believe in 6 articles of faith –
2. His Angels
3. His revealed Books
4. His Messengers
5. The Day of Resurrection
6. Al-Qadr; Whatever Allah has ordained must come to pass (In other words, fate and destiny).
Alhumdulillah, I’m sure most of us do have our iman pretty strong in the first five cases.. but what I feel most of us, including me, lack is believing in qadr of Allah.
Belief in Fate (Qadr), whether good or bad, which Allah, measured and ordained for all creation according to His previous knowledge, and as deemed suitable by His wisdom. And in the timeless knowledge of Allah, and in His power to plan and execute His plans, nothing could happen in His Kingdom against His will. His knowledge and power which are always in action command over His creation. He is Wise and Merciful, and whatever he does must have a meaningful purpose. Quran makes it clear that Allah has divine decree in:
“Knowest thou not that Allah knows all that is in heaven and on earth? Indeed it is all in a Record, and that is easy for Allah.” Surah Hajj 22:70:
How many times when something good or bad happens have we told ourselves that it happened because Allah willed it to be? How many times did we thank Allah during the good times because we believed that it happened only because Allah had decreed it to be?
Most importantly, how many times did we remain patient when some calamity befell on us and how many times have we told ourselves that it happened because it had to happen? It happened because Allah had already willed it to happen. It happened because it was already written in the book of decree, much before we came into existence!
Psychologists tell us that human beings go through five stages of emotion, when struck with a calamity, which are denial, anger, bargaining and depression and the final stage – which is acceptance. I went through these stages on many different occasions, as I am sure you have.
The point to ponder here is if our faith, our iman, in the decree of Allah was strong, we wouldn’t have had to go through all of that. I say this because when we believe that everything happens to us is because of Allah’s will and when we believe that Allah knows what’s best for us… then we directly go to the final stage, that is acceptance. There wouldn’t have been a question of going through the five stages, as our first stage becomes our final stage that is acceptance.
I’m not saying that we should not grieve over what is lost. One of the hadith tells us that Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) said that tears are a mercy from Allah(SWT) by which it shows that Allah has blessed our heart with compassion.
“When the child (of Zainab) was brought to Muhammad, dying; its body trembling and moving; the eyes of the Apostle of God shed many tears. And Sad said, “O Messenger of God! What is the weeping and shedding of tears?” Muhammad replied, “This is an expression of the tenderness and compassion, which the Lord hath put into the hearts of His servants; the Lord doth not have compassion on and commiserate with His servants, except such as are tender and full of feeling.”
But prolonging depression is not encouraged in Islam. When we have a strong iman in the qadr of Allah, we develop an acceptance of whatever happens. When something good happens, we believe that it is from Allah and thank Him for blessing us with it and when something bad happens, we seek help in patience and prayer as suggested in the Quran. This way, we return victorious in both the situations.
A part of our Iman in the qadr of Allah is accepting that whatever has befallen us was not meant to escape us and whatever has escaped us was not meant to befall on us!
“Naught of disaster befalleth in the Earth or in yourselves but it is in a Book before we bring it into being – Lo! that is easy for Allah – That ye grieve not for the sake of that which hath escaped you, nor yet exult because of that which hath been given. Allah loveth not all prideful boasters” (Quran 57:22-23)
Accepting that whatever has happened is in accordance with Allah (SWT)’s plan – No matter what our plan for the day, week, or future is, we should never forget that Allah (SWT) too has a plan for us and Allah is the Best of Planners.
“And they planned and Allah (also) planned, and Allah is the best of planners.” (Quran 3:54)
So, my dear brothers and sisters whom I love for the sake of Allah, next time something good or bad befalls us don’t forget to say –
“Say: ‘Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allâh has ordained for us…’” (Quran 9:51).