Wa-ith yarfaAAu ibraheemualqawaAAida mina albayti wa-ismaAAeelu rabbanataqabbal minna innaka anta assameeAAu alAAaleem
And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.
(Surat Al Baqarah 2: Verse 127)
Audio – Reciter (Maher al-Muaiqly)
This Rabbana dua is placed in the 127th verse of Sura Baqarah. Sura Baqarah is chronologically the 2nd Sura in the Quran. It is also the longest sura of the Quran with 286 verses that span almost three juz. It is considered a Madani Sura as the greater portion of it was revealed in the first two years of the Prophet’s life in Madinah. The theme of the sura is ‘guidance’. In Sura Fatiha we ask Allah subhanawatala,
“Guide us to the straight path…”
(Surat Al Fatiha 1: Verse 6)
And we receive the answer to that prayer in Sura Baqarah,
“This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah.”
(Surat Al Baqarah 2: Verse 2)
The believing slave of Allah searches for the straight path in this life hoping that each step in this life is a step closer to Jannah. Allah subhanawatala in His Infinite Mercy placed the Quran as a guide to navigate the many paths laid before us so that as we recite and reflect upon its ayaat we move slowly and surely upon Siratul mustaqeem. In our search for our house in Jannah the Shaytaan lays a myriad of traps to distract and disillusion us, and fill us with despair. Many ahadith emphasize the importance of Sura Baqarah:
Narrated Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah salallahu alaihi wasullum said: “Do not turn your houses into graves. Indeed Ash-Shaitan does not enter the house in which Sura Al-Baqarah is recited.”
He also said: “Learn Surat Al-Baqarah, because in learning it there is blessing, in ignoring it there is sorrow, and the sorceresses cannot memorize it.”
This dua was made by Prophet Ibraheem and Prophet Ismail alihissallam while they were constructing the structure of the Kaabah. Place yourself in the blistering heat of the Meccan sun and envision this amazing spectacle. Two honorable Messengers of Allah, one the Khalil of Allah and the other his beloved, obedient son, the ultimate example of a righteous offspring. Their hands covered in dust, they are placing the bricks of a House that is to be the center of the soul of the Muslim Ummah and one of the signs of Allah on this Earth. It is as if each brick is being laid gently in my own heart. Words cannot do justice to the sanctity of the place, the dignity and honor of the builders and the holiness of the building itself.
As they toil, they ask their Lord to accept this effort of theirs. The dua is made with the utmost humility, “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.” They are Allah’s beloved Messengers, building His House at His command and still they do not assume that their deed has been accepted. Ibraheem and Ismail alaihisssalam truly recognize the Majesty of Allah so their efforts are dwarfed in their own eyes. Our hearts are not so full of the awe of Allah subhanawatala, so our most negligible effort for the deen appears grand in our own eyes. Sadly, we are too full of ourselves.
Ibraheem alihissalam has already been informed by Allah subhanawatala that though he has been selected as the leader of the people not all of his descendants will be righteous. He wants to guarantee salvation for at least the son who is his assistant in this noble endeavor, so he includes Ismail alihissalam in his dua.
They appeal to Allah using His names As-Samee (the All-Hearing) and Al-Aleem (the All-Knowing) because He alone can know the state of their hearts and the longing and sincerity with which they are building the Kaabah. A beautiful acceptance is granted to them and the reward for their effort is multiplied manifold. They have a share in the reward of every worshipper that stands and prays or makes tawaf there. The Kaabah has been fixed and renovated several times through the centuries but if you ask any Muslim child, “Who built the Kaabah?” Only two names will come to his lips: “Prophet Ibraheem and Prophet Ismail alaihis salaam.” While those that came later put their names upon the doors of Masjidul Haram, Allah himself ensured that the footprint of Prophet Ibraheem would be preserved and remains a place of worship forever. We should seek to follow in his footsteps and we can begin by memorizing this dua and the other duas that Prophet Ibraheem made throughout his life. May Allah accept all our efforts and grant us a beautiful acceptance as well.
This dua should accompany all acts of worship whether it is salah, fasting, hajj, giving in charity or fulfilling the rights and obligations of fellow human beings. In a moment of patience ask Allah to accept your patience as a good deed done for His sake. In a moment of joy ask Allah to accept your gratitude as a good deed as well.
The words of Ibraheem and Ismail alaihissallaam are a reminder to us to remain humble and strive strenuously in the path of Allah. As we say the, “O our Lord, accept from us…” we should keep our hearts pure of the arrogant assumption that everything we do is accepted. Instead a healthy balance of hope and fear should keep us grounded upon the Straight Path. This supplication reminds us that Allah subhanawatala is All-Hearing and All-knowing so our intention in performing every good deed should be for His pleasure and His pleasure alone. Riya ( showing off) and Kibr (arrogance) will both negate the most monumental of good deeds.
Worship and service should always be a family affair. Let your children accompany and assist in good deeds and include them in your duas and inshallah they will include you in their duas.
Please memorize this Rabbana dua and share it with your friends and family.